Google in its official blog announced the Project Loon. It provides delivery of the high-speed
Internet to remote or poorest regions of Earth with help of balloon. The Project Loon means creation of a network into which enter a land base station, the network equipment by balloons and antennas on houses of inhabitants. Each balloon is capable to transfer the wireless Google Internet to the territory with a diameter of 40 kilometers. Balloons are at the height about 20 kilometers, without disturbing, thus, to flight of commercial airliners. Google assures that will carry out starts of balloons in coordination with dispatching services and regulators. The equipment which is onboard the balloon eats from solar batteries. Tests of technology are carried out since 2011, however in June 2013, people for the first time were allowed to participation in them not from among employees of Google. The company started in New Zealand 30 balloons, which provide with the Internet of 50 volunteers locals. In future Google plans to create flotilla of balloons which would move round the globe. It is supposed that balloons will be transferred by steady winds in a stratosphere. To change the movement direction, the balloon will need to change height, having caught the necessary wind. Google considers that Project Loon will provide access to the network to bigger number of people. By calculations of the company, high-speed Google Internet access has no two thirds of the population of Earth. Speed of the Google internet provided with balloons, will be equal to speed in mobile networks of the third generation, or will exceed it. Project Loon is the Google X project of research laboratory which is a part of Google. Hearings about the project appeared in the Network and earlier, however then it was supposed that the company involves in it dirigible balloons.