Jupiter Largest Planet of Solar System

in Video Gallery 0 Comments Tags: , , , , ,


[ad name=”Google Adsense-3 11″]
Jupiter largest planet of solar system is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the Solar System. It is a gas giant with mass one-thousandth that of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other Jupiter orbitplanets in our Solar System combined. Jupiter is classified as a gas giant along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Together, these four planets are sometimes referred to as the Jovian or outer planets. The planet was known by astronomers of ancient times and was associated with the mythology and religious beliefs of many cultures. The Romans named the planet after the Roman god Jupiter. Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen with a quarter of its mass being helium, although helium only comprises about a tenth of the number of molecules. It may also have a rocky core of heavier elements,but like the other gas giants, Jupiter lacks a well-defined solid surface. Surrounding Jupiter is a faint planetary ring system and a powerful magnetosphere. There are also at least 67 moons, including the four large moons called the Galilean moons that were first discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Ganymede, the largest of these moons, has a diameter greater than that of the planet Mercury.

 

Physical characteristics
Equatorial diameter 143,800 km
Mass 317,89Tierra
Average density 1,31 g/cm³
Superficial gravity 2.34 Earth
Speed of escape 59,5 km/s
Average Temp. superf.: Day 30.000 ºC
Average Temp. superf.: Night -143 ºC
Atmosphere H2I have

Jupiter has 66 confirmed moons giving it the largest retinue of moons with “reasonably secure” orbits of any planet in the Solar System.
The moons of Jupiter are listed below by orbital period.

Order

Name

Diameter
(km)

Mass
(×1016 kg)

Orbital period
(d)

Discovery
year

Discoverer

1 Metis

60×40×34

~3.6

+7h 4m 29s

1979

Synnott
(Voyager 1)
2 Adrastea

20×16×14

~0.2

+7h 9m 30s

1979

Jewitt
(Voyager 2)
3 Amalthea

167 ± 4.0 km
250×146×128

208

+11h 57m 23s

1892

Barnard
4 Thebe

116×98×84

~43

+16h 11m 17s

1979

Synnott
(Voyager 1)
5 Io

3,660.0
×3,637.4
×3,630.6

8,931,900

+1.769 1

1610

Galilei
6 Europa

3,121.6

4,800,000

+3.551 2

1610

Galilei
7 Ganymede

5,262.4

14,819,000

+7.154 6

1610

Galilei
8 Callisto

4,820.6

10,759,000

+16.689

1610

Galilei
9 Themisto

8

0.069

+129.87

1975/2000

Kowal & Roemer/
Sheppard et al.
10 Leda

16

0.6

+241.75

1974

Kowal
11 Himalia

170

670

+250.37

1904

Perrine
12 Lysithea

36

6.3

+259.89

1938

Nicholson
13 Elara

86

87

+261.14

1905

Perrine
14 Carpo

3

0.004 5

+458.62

2003

Sheppard et al.
15 S/2003 J 12

1

0.000 15

−482.69

2003

Sheppard et al.
16 Euporie

2

0.001 5

−538.78

2002

Sheppard et al.
17 S/2003 J 3

2

0.001 5

−561.52

2003

Sheppard et al.
18 S/2003 J 18

2

0.001 5

−569.73

2003

Gladman et al.
19 S/2011 J 1

1

−582.22

2011

Sheppard et al.
20 S/2010 J 2

1

 

−588.1

2010

Veillet
21 Thelxinoe

2

0.001 5

−597.61

2003

Sheppard et al.
22 Euanthe

3

0.004 5

−598.09

2002

Sheppard et al.
23 Helike

4

0.009 0

−601.40

2003

Sheppard et al.
24 Orthosie

2

0.001 5

−602.62

2002

Sheppard et al.
25 Iocaste

5

0.019

−609.43

2001

Sheppard et al.
26 S/2003 J 16

2

0.001 5

−610.36

2003

Gladman et al.
27 Praxidike

7

0.043

−613.90

2001

Sheppard et al.
28 Harpalyke

4

0.012

−624.54

2001

Sheppard et al.
29 Mneme

2

0.001 5

−627.48

2003

Gladman et al.
30 Hermippe

4

0.009 0

−629.81

2002

Sheppard et al.
31 Thyone

4

0.009 0

−639.80

2002

Sheppard et al.
32 Ananke

28

3.0

−642.02

1951

Nicholson
33 Herse

2

0.001 5

−672.75

2003

Gladman et al.
34 Aitne

3

0.004 5

−679.64

2002

Sheppard et al.
35 Kale

2

0.001 5

−685.32

2002

Sheppard et al.
36 Taygete

5

0.016

−686.67

2001

Sheppard et al.
37 S/2003 J 19

2

0.001 5

−699.12

2003

Gladman et al.
38 Chaldene

4

0.007 5

−699.33

2001

Sheppard et al.
39 S/2003 J 15

2

0.001 5

−699.68

2003

Sheppard et al.
40 S/2003 J 10

2

0.001 5

−700.13

2003

Sheppard et al.
41 S/2003 J 23

2

0.001 5

−700.54

2004

Sheppard et al.
42 Erinome

3

0.004 5

−711.96

2001

Sheppard et al.
43 Aoede

4

0.009 0

−714.66

2003

Sheppard et al.
44 Kallichore

2

0.001 5

−717.81

2003

Sheppard et al.
45 Kalyke

5

0.019

−721.02

2001

Sheppard et al.
46 Carme

46

13

−721.82

1938

Nicholson
47 Callirrhoe

9

0.087

−722.62

2000

Spahr, Scotti
48 Eurydome

3

0.004 5

−723.36

2002

Sheppard et al.
49 S/2011 J 2

1

−725.06

2011

Sheppard et al.
50 Pasithee

2

0.001 5

−726.93

2002

Sheppard et al.
51 S/2010 J 1

2

 

−723.2

2010

Jacobson et al.
52 Kore

2

0.001 5

−776.02

2003

Sheppard et al.
53 Cyllene

2

0.001 5

−731.10

2003

Sheppard et al.
54 Eukelade

4

0.009 0

−735.20

2003

Sheppard et al.
55 S/2003 J 4

2

0.001 5

−739.29

2003

Sheppard et al.
56 Pasiphaë

60

30

−741.09

1908

Melotte
57 Hegemone

3

0.004 5

−745.50

2003

Sheppard et al.
58 Arche

3

0.004 5

−746.19

2002

Sheppard et al.
59 Isonoe

4

0.007 5

−750.13

2001

Sheppard et al.
60 S/2003 J 9

1

0.000 15

−752.84

2003

Sheppard et al.
61 S/2003 J 5

4

0.009 0

−758.34

2003

Sheppard et al.
62 Sinope

38

7.5

−762.33

1914

Nicholson
63 Sponde

2

0.001 5

−771.60

2002

Sheppard et al.
64 Autonoe

4

0.009 0

−772.17

2002

Sheppard et al.
65 Megaclite

5

0.021

−792.44

2001

Sheppard et al.
66 S/2003 J 2

2

0.001 5

−981.55

2003

Sheppard et al.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE