Scientists from Peking University in China and from the University of Arizona announced their
findings the brightest quasar in the early universe, powered by the most massive black hole
yet known at that time. The discovery of this quasar, named SDSS J0100+2802, marks an important step in understanding how quasars have evolved from the earliest epoch 900 million years after the Big Bang, thought to have happened 13.7 billion years ago. The quasar, with its central black hole
mass of 12 billion solar masses and the luminosity of 420 trillion suns, is at a distance of 12.8 billion light-years from Earth. Discovered in 1963, quasars are the most powerful objects beyond our Milky Way galaxy, beaming vast amounts of energy across space as the supermassive black hole
in their center sucks in matter from its surroundings. Thanks to the new generation of digital sky surveys, astronomers have discovered more than 200,000 quasars, with ages ranging from 0.7 billion years after the Big Bang to today. Shining with the equivalent of 420 trillion suns, the new quasar is seven times brighter than the most distant quasar known which is 13 billion years away. It harbors a black hole
with mass of 12 billion solar masses, proving it to be the most luminous quasar with the most massive black hole
among all the known high redshift (very distant) quasars.