Disney Research, research division of The Walt Disney Company, declared development of the Papillon technology, allowing to allocate Disney robot or interactive toys with an expressive eyes. Researchers suggested to use the screens made of transparent fiber-optical cables as “eyes” of characters. Cables are created with application 3D press. The cut of each cable forms one pixel of the screen. At the opposite end of a bunch of cables takes place the projector. It transfers to the Dinsney robot eye the screen the animated image. It can be the moving pupils, pulsing hearts or question marks, inscriptions and so on. According to researchers, decision advantages are low cost, opportunity to create convex eyes, lack of the distortions peculiar to convex OLED screens, and good scalability.
The Austrian nuclear power plant of Zwentendorf is a fine test platform for robots and other similar technologies. The station was constructed in the 1970th years, but never included. Thus, in premises of station there are no radiation sources, toxic elements and other things causing fear. But the designs of station bound by pipes of various diameter, and remained untouched, giving opportunity to researchers to carry out comprehensive tests of the snake robot. From the moment of accident at Japanese nuclear station Fukushima, there was developeda number of robots which had to assist in diagnostics of damages and elimination of consequences of accident. However, components of nuclear stations are entangled by many kilometers of pipelines of various diameter. It isn’t possible to examine components within nuclear stations with help of the developed robots . Only the robot snake is capable to solve this problem. The robot snake can move in pipes, it has the diameter of 15 centimeters, LED light sources and high-quality cameras.
The American agency of perspective research defensive projects (DARPA challenge) continues development of biped humanoid robots. Earlier the public already got acquainted with Petman, joint development of DARPA challenge and Boston Dynamics. Later there was Pet-Proto, one of prototypes of the robot which carries the name ATLAS. Pet-Proto was presented last year and intended for demonstration of opportunities of the biped robot. It could overcome independently obstacles, making the decision on a way choice, to jump and clamber, maintains its balance even when hit with a 20 lb ball. It holds balance and remains standing after a side-winder a heavy ball. The humanoid robot quietly goes on a racetrack and overcomes obstacles. Robot height — 187 cm, weight — 150 kg, width of shoulders — 76 cm, in the head is located the whole set of sensors and sensors. The number of hydraulic joints is 28 pieces. Its vestibular mechanism is surprising and delights.
On July 3 in a museum of science of Miraikan Honda showed the Asimo Honda robot. During the demonstration visitors were witnesses of how the robot confused people who raised hands for questions, with those who lifted phones for photographing implementation. The Asimo Honda robot stiffened in the middle of an event, continually repeating the programmed offer “Who wants to ask the question Asimo?” Duties of the robot include recognition of speech and providing answers to public questions, as is the most difficult task in development of robots. Also he is able to distinguish the child though, yet without understanding sense of its address or any other actions. The Asimo Honda robot guide is connected by radio connection to six sensors, located in a ceiling, for definition of a place of gathering of people in a museum. During own demonstration of Asimo went on a hall and answered a question of the features, projecting charts on the large-format screen. According to the company, in the humanoid are programmed 100 answers to the prepared questions.
Group of experts of the TokyoUniversity and Japanese corporation Toyota presented the humanoid robot astronaut which will go to the first travel on the International Space Station (ISS) in this summer. The purpose of creation of the new robot specially for sending it on the ISS is the desire of scientists to help astronauts to cope with stressful conditions arising at station. New robot weighs only one kilogram, and its height makes 34 centimeters. In a body of the robot which on the colorful design reminds the hero from Japanese animated movies. The whole system of recognition of voices of the people who were by a row and generating of answers is placed. Meanwhile the robot astronaut speaks only language of his founders — Japanese.
Shota Ishiwatari, founder of the Kiluck Corp Company recently created RAPIRO, which is the specially created robot for Raspberry Pi. The robot gathers easily and delivered with RGB light-emitting diodes, 12 servo-drivers and an Arduino-compatible plate for management of the servo-driver. The RAPIRO will cost £229 ($354) without the accessories for the electronic auction. Shota developed the robot in CAD, and worked with JMC over prototype production. Each of its 12 joints is calculated on a feed from small and inexpensive servo-drivers. They reduce robot cost, but don’t expect from it tremendous productivity. Nevertheless, the robot can move the head, hands, to suffice and let out from capture, and to waddle.
Scientists from the Swiss Federal polytechnic school (EPFL) constructed the quadruped walking robot. During the walking the robot imitates movements of a cat. Each of four extremities of the robot cat, which received the name Cheetah-Cub, consists of three sections connected by springs, and on a structure reminds a cat’s paw. Extremities are set in motion by servo-drivers. The robot cat has no head, and there is a wire on a tail. The advantages of robot cat are the small weight (about a kilogram), ability to move on rough surfaces and high speed. In the press release of EPFL it is reported that Cheetah-Cub is the fastest among robots, which weighing less than thirty kilograms. In a second it can overcome the distance seven times exceeding length of its own trunk.
At the beginning of June, 2013 the iRobot Corporation and Cisco presented the joint development: the independent industrial robot equipped with help of a video conferencing, under the name Ava 500. Founders claim that it is not the next humanoid variation of R2-D2 or the simple device which can be operated with iPad and to make video calls. Ava 500 robot represents autonomous system supplied with help of high-end of audio and HD of video which has to become a substitute of the owner, presence at corporate meetings. The robot independently uses built-in system of navigation, also it is equipped with a videosystem of collaboration of Cisco TelePresence EX60. The idea of founders consists in that with help of the robot Ava 500 to provide fuller access to remote production sites as he acts as the full-fledged representative of the person. Thus emphasis is placed on that in the course of communication at interlocutors of Ava 500 it wasn’t created psychological barriers in communication with the electronic device. There is provided the maximum effect of presence of the removed interlocutor.
The invented, fire-prevention robots really come nearer closer and closer to the general use. Some of them are intended for flame suppression, others reconnoiter a situation before firefighters will enter. They are providing them information on how it is safe to bypass obstacles and where it is necessary to concentrate the efforts. One of the last devices in the second category is the independent Fire robot (Fire fighting Robots – FFR), to California developed at University, San Diego. Two-wheeled fire fighting robots on appearance not strongly differs from Segway without the equestrian, and includes two RGB of a video camera (giving to it three-dimensional sight), along with the infrared camera. His body can slide up and down on central vertical foot, which allows the robot to rise over obstacles and even to walk upstairs. The idea consists that some fire fighting robots can go to the burning building and estimate the situation, using the three cameras for creation of 3D maps in which will be included information on temperature. These data can indicate by the firefighter hot spots, which need to be avoided, or on live bodies of the people, who have appeared inside.