The asteroid 1999 RQ36 by the results of competition among school students received a new name Bennu, in honor of an Ancient Egyptian deity heron. The asteroid (101955) 1999 RQ36 of 500 meters in size opened by scientists from the LINEAR project of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 2182 it will approach to the Earth. After “cancellation” of threat of Apofis and some other asteroids, it became the main potentially dangerous object for the Earth. Participants of the OSIRIS-REx project, for receive a name, which will be easier to be said, than 1999 RQ36, declared competition on the best name, which participants could become school students from any country of the world, but more younger than 18 years. On competition arrived more than 8 thousand options from school students from 25 countries. As a result the Committee on names of small bodies of Solar system of the International astronomical union accepted the option offered by nine-year-old Michael Puzio from Northern Carolina. The American asteroid project OSIRIS-REx for the USA will be the first program of research of an asteroid with help of an automatic probe.
In NASA deny calculations of the Italian astronomer and claim, that the probability of collision of an asteroid with Earth is insignificant. After 13 years, in April 2026, the twenty-meter asteroid 2013 GM3 will fly by in only 8,5 thousand kilometers from a terrestrial surface. The calculations, which have been carried out by the Italian astronomer Francesco Manka from observatory of Sormano testify to it. For the first time the asteroid 2013 GM3 was found on April 3 of this year by the scientists working at the American observatory of “Maunt-Lemmon”. The laboratory of jet movement of NASA carried out calculations, which showed that on April 14 2026, at 13.30 across Greenwich this asteroid will fly by at distance of 39,7 thousand kilometers from Earth surface. However the Italian scientist conducted the researches: its calculations showed that appointment to heavenly “guest” can become “closer”.
The head of NASA submitted the draft of the budget of agency for 2014. The total amount of the required budget of space agency for 2014 fiscal year makes 17,7 billion dollars. By the words of astronomers using available breakthrough technologies, NASA develops the first mission in the history on identification, capture and asteroid towage. This mission will bring research of a space and human knowledge to new level, will help the astronomers to protect a native planet and will approach them to sending people for an asteroid. The task of project is to take a small asteroid and to transfer it to a circumlunar orbit. Flight of astronauts on an asteroid then will be provided with help of NASA carrier rocket “System of space starts” (Space Launch System) and the Orion spacecraft. For a start, the probe, which will pursue and will take approximately 25-foot (8 meters) the asteroid, will be pilotless. It will receive a food from solar electric motors, which generate draft at the expense of acceleration of the loaded particles called by ions. Pilotless test start of Orion is planned for the next year.
The scientists of NASA will investigate asteroids directly in the space with the Orion spacecraft
The scientists of NASA develop the robotic Orion spacecraft. The purpose of this project is to capture of space object for in-depth studies. When falling to Earth any meteorite or an asteroid loses part of weight, burning down in the atmosphere, many chemical and physical properties of combustible object thus change.
If to study an asteroid directly in the space, for the scientists of NASA it will be possible to understand, what its real chemical composition. But The scientists of NASA will not just operate the Orion, because for Orion’s successful operation on connection of the spacecraft to an asteroid requires the help of the Moon. Orion will have to fly up to object, to capture him and to put to Lunar orbit.
The pilotless ship will grab an asteroid of 7,6 meters in size and of 450 metric tons in 2019. After that, the Orion delivers to it 4 astronauts, who will land on it and will study in 2021.
The next three weeks will be critical for United States, as the asteroid may fall in the USA territories. The astronomer from the American Space Agency of NASA reported that there is a real threat of collision with huge object. The unknown asteroid was noticed on March 22 over east coast of the USA in the form of a big fiery sphere. From the moment of flight of this asteroid over the USA, in the American meteoric society arrived about 630 messages concerning this phenomenon. The 0,9-meter asteroid was called the Manhattan asteroid. According to its trajectory of flight, it can really pose serious threat for the USA, however scientists calm Americans that according to statistics the asteroid of the decent size hits the Earth about 1 time in 1 000 years. The astronomers think that the asteroid may change its own course by the time and void the hitting the Earth. Some of the astronomers think that the asteroid wouldn’t hit the Earth, because it is in the sky and passing the atmosphere the huge object may lose its fire. But, the other part of astronomers fear, that it will create a huge crash over the city of New York.
Scientists from NASA’s Lunar Science Institute considered that essential changes of Jupiter’s orbits and other gas giants could destabilize separate parts of a belt of asteroids about 4 billion years ago. This change started bombing, which created many craters on the Moon. The Moon and large bodies of the main belt of asteroids, including asteroid Vesta, despite the distance dividing them, suffered from the same “bombing”. The scientists compared results of research of samples of the lunar soil and meteorites called clan of HED (It is assumed that these meteorites got to Earth from the asteroid Vesta).
The scientists from Europe and United States have plans to smash a spacecraft for discovering the space rock of huge asteroid nearby in 2022. AIDA plans to send two new spacecrafts to the Didymos asteroid. The scientists think that the Didymos has no chance to impact the Earth, which is a greatest target of this mission. Didymos asteroid is a double asteroid system, which includes two separate space rocks. The main asteroid has huge dimensions- approximately 2625 feet. It is orbited by a small orbit approximately 490 feet. The Didymos asteroid setup is a big target for scientists, as it will allow them to look a binary rock system for the first time. Also, this will give the chance to scientists to deflect the dangerous asteroids, which can impact the Earth.
The asteroid 2013 EC with dimensions from 15 up to 17 meters was founded in Pan-STARRS 1 observatory in Hawaiian Islands on March 1. The center of minor planets appropriated to a new asteroid designation 2013 EC. The asteroid, similar to asteroid fallen in the district of Chelyabinsk, will fly near the Earth on March 4, 2013 at 07:35 UTC. The distance between the Earth and the asteroid will be 362 thousand kilometers, this slightly less than a distance from Earth to the Moon.
As a result of the fall of fragments of the meteorite in the Chelyabinsk region,the number of victims has increased up to 1,2 thousand people. Meteor rain over the Ural mountains took place in the morning on Friday. One of the meteorite exploded over the Chelyabinsk region. The blast wave damaged buildings in the capital region and other localities. Material damage from the fall of the meteorite exceed, according to preliminary estimates, about one billion rubles.