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Quantum computing is a quantum-mechanical phenomenon, such as superposition (superposition is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics) and entanglement (entanglement is a physical phenomenon which happens when groups of particles are generated). Quantum computing aims to take advantage of unusual properties that matter exhibits once scientists begin to study it at a level of atomic level, the sub-atomic, or quantum level. We are holding your interests introducing top 10 facts and statistics about quantum computing that is really interesting.
1. Richard Feynman was the first physicist who proposed quantum computing in 1982.
2. Conventional computer uses binary “bits” (one and zero) during calculating, whereas a quantum computer uses quantum bits that is to say “qubits” which can exist in both states simultaneously, as well as many other states in between.
3. Computer scientists who work on quantum computers indicate that in the near future they can create computers which will be millions of times more efficient than anything else that is available nowadays.
4. In 1994 mathematician Peter Shaw showed how quantum computing could be used to crack the common encryption standards which many of them are still in use today.
5. The world’s first dedicated quantum computing concentrated on commercial business (1Qbit) was established in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 2012.
6. Outstanding organizations which are publicly using D-Wave’s quantum computing infrastructure include Google, NASA and Lockheed Martin.
7. David Deutsche, Physicist at the Centre for Quantum Computation, from Oxford University says “Quantum computation will be the first technology that allows useful tasks to be performed in collaboration between parallel universes.”
8. Quantum computing requires extremely cold temperatures. The cores of D-Wave quantum computers should be at -460 degrees f, or -273 degrees c, which is 0.02 degrees away from absolute zero.
9. “Why does quantum computers action involve parallel universes?”
One possible explanation is that qubits are able to exist in two states simultaneously because we are observing them in multiple universes at the same time.
10. Quantum computing is frequently described as “natural”. That is why although people don’t completely understand them, the mechanisms underpinning the real world (which have evolved through nature) clearly operate at a sub-atomic level. By simulating this with computers, people come a huge step closer to being able to simulate the natural world.