Continuing our top 10 ranges, today we will write about top 10 largest cities in the world by land area.
The new 31-kilometer International linear collider (ILC) is ready to construction. It will be even more, than the well-known Large Hadron Collider, which has length of the main ring of the accelerator of 26,6 km. Of course the electron collider of ILC won’t replace LHC. Now the scientific group officially transferred the ILC project to the international supervising council of projects in the field of physics. International linear collider ILC will accelerate and push together electrons and their antiparticles – positrons. Collisions will happen about 14000 times a second at energy of collision of 500 GEV. Management of this process requires 16000 superconducting resonators from pure niobium, and for control of results. The team of developers already started discussion of questions of creation of the detector with specialists of the Japanese company Hamamatsu.
International linear collider ILC will be the most universal tool of this sort in the history of physics. Developers tried to consider all experience of construction and operation of similar constructions. The electron-positron collider will have 2 linear accelerators on 12 km everyone, and the total length of a collider will make 31 km. Besides, possibility of addition of sections of the accelerator till the total length of 50 km that will allow to increase energy to 1 TEV is provided. ILC plan to construct in Japan, end construction is planned for 2020.
Thanks to possibility of adjustment of energy over a wide range, International linear collider ILC will allow to do measurements about which physics only theorized earlier. For example, such measurements are ultra precise measurements of a Z-boson within the theory of electroweak interaction, studying of a top quark and Higgs’s boson at the highest level energy.
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