Russian and Japanese scientists from Sakha Republic’s mammoth museum and Kinki University’s graduate school consider chances to clone a mammoth after finding well-preserved bone marrow in a thigh bone recovered from permafrost soil in Siberia. Early next year the research will be focused on regenerating the huge mammal, which became extinct about 10,000 years ago. They plan to replace the nuclei of egg cells from an elephant with the mammoth’s marrow cells and thus to produce an embryos with the mammoth DNA, Kyodo news agency reported with the reference to the researchers. This will be possible with the help of the new DNA decoding machine that is able to determine DNA from the hair of a woolly mammoth mummy found in the Russian Siberia.
Determining a genome of the mammoth is an expensive procedure costing $USD 2 million. Since elephant is the most close relative to the extinct mammoths (through it differs in approximately 400,000 sites in the mammoth’s genome), the embryos will then be planted into elephant wombs for delivery and preservation. For scientists that were looking for nuclei with an undamaged mammoth’s genes since 1990, the latest findings in Siberia open real chances to get a mammoth clone. The findings became reachable to the scientists due to the climate changes and global warming procedures on the Earth. The thawed ground in Siberia which was usually permanently frozen, leads to the new discoveries of the hidden historical treasures.