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A volcano is a mountain that opens downhill to a reservoir of molten rock below the surface of the earth. When pressure from gases within the molten rock becomes too great, an eruption occurs. Eruptions can be quiet or explosive. There may be lava flows, flattened landscapes, poisonous gases, and flying rock and ash that can sometimes travel hundreds of miles downwind. Now, we are continuing our range of tops, and this time it is about dangerous volcanoes . Below we are going to touch upon your attention introducing top 10 dangerous volcanoes .
- Soufrière Hills
The Soufrière Hills volcano is an active, complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit, on the Caribbean island of Montserrat. The first phreatic explosion occurred on 21 August 1995. Its eruptions have rendered more than half of Montserrat uninhabitable, destroying the capital city, Plymouth. Around two thirds of the population have left the island.
Krakatoa, or Krakatau is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. 1883 the eruption destroyed two-thirds of the original Krakatoa Island. The eruption of Krakatoa began in the afternoon of Sunday on 26 August 1883, and peaked in the late morning of Monday on 27 August. When finished 70% of the island and its surrounding archipelago were destroyed. Additional seismic activity was reported to have continued until February 1884.
- Yellowstone Caldera
The Yellowstone Caldera is a volcanic caldera and supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park in the Western United States, sometimes referred to as the Yellowstone Supervolcano. Fortunately, it has only had three superuptions in the last two million years. However, the possibility of “hydrothermal explosions” led the U.S. Geological Survey to classify Yellowstone as a ‘high-threat’ system.
- Piton de la Fournaise
Piton de la Fournaise “Peak of the Furnace” is a shield volcano on the eastern side of Réunion island (a French department) in the Indian Ocean. At this time, it is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Most eruptions of Piton de la Fournaise are of the Hawaiian style: fluid basaltic lava flowing out with fire fountaining at the vent.
- Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24, 2nd-highest peak of an island (volcanic) in Asia. Although it is considered as an active stratovolcano Mount Fuji hasn’t erupted since in 1707–1708.
- Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo an active volcano and also is situated in Indonesia as Krakatoa. Mount Bromo showed signs of increasing activity beginning in November 2015, when the amount of smoke coming out of the crater intensified.
Mount Shishaldin is the highest mountain peak of the Aleutian Islands. It is situated on Unimak Island in the Aleutian Islands chain of Alaska. This volcano has had many recorded eruptions during the 19th and 20th centuries. Therefore, the volcano’s entire recorded history is spotted with reports of activity. AVO has 24 confirmed eruptions at Shishaldin, making it the volcano with the third most confirmed eruptions.
Popocatépetl is an active stratovolcano, located in the states of Puebla, Mexico, in Central Mexico, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt. Popocatépetl is the most active volcano in Mexico, having had more than 15 major eruptions since the arrival of the Spanish in 1519.
Kīlauea is a currently active shield volcano in the Hawaiian Islands. And it is the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaii. The current Kīlauea eruption began on January 3, 1983, along the eastern rift zone.
- Mount Etna
Mount Etna is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy. It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. A large lava flow from an eruption in 1928 led to the destruction of a population center for the first time since the 1669 eruption.
More than 80% of the earth’s surface is volcanic in origin. The sea floor and some mountains were formed by countless volcanic eruptions. So, we are introducing you top 10 the most dangerous volcanoes , that we think may hold your interest. In addition, we would like to inform that there are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world, and the deadliest eruptions have occurred in Indonesia.