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New Study shows the mechanics and movements beneath the surface that contribute to Yellowstone eruption. Yellowstone eruption is special and important, because it can end up allowing for the creation of systems that will help scientists guess future events. “While Yellowstone eruptions currently don’t pose a significant threat, there are volcanoes around the world that could potentially cause a significant amount of damage if we aren’t able to prepare for them. By using this new knowledge to develop novel new prediction techniques, we may be able to better equip at-risk areas with the knowledge and infrastructure they need to prepare for volcanic eruptions” mentioned valuewalk. To find out at this new information, scientists from the University of Oregon used computer modeling to discover a thick crustal layer that may have played a key part in prior Yellowstone eruption. Scientists believe that within 3 to 6 miles under the volcano, it is located an upper crust layer which is consisted of cold and hard rock. These opposing forces work against one another, and the resulting pressure opens up pathways where molten rock can find its way into the upper crust, possibly leading to the Yellowstone eruption and eruptions like it around the world. It is formed a large body called a “sill” which can be as wide as 9 miles thick, and above this area forms magma bodies that comprise gas-rich rhyolitic magma.
“We think that this structure is what causes the rhyolite-basalt volcanism throughout the Yellowstone hotspot, including supervolcanic eruptions,” says Ilya Bindeman, coauthor and professor in the university’s Department of Earth Sciences.
Maybe we may learn more about the exact composition, state, and amount of magma that lies both above and below in further research. “Still, this finding has the potential to bridge the gap between academic knowledge and real-world usefulness – giving researchers the ability to know when and where we’ll see an eruption and taking steps to both study the occurrence as well as to ensure that the safety of the land around it is taken care of” valuewalk thinks.