The NASA Exploration Campaign is a national and agency effort concentrates on three essential fields such as low Earth orbit; lunar orbit and surface; and Mars and other deep space objectives. President Donald J. Trump gave NASA a new direction in December 17, telling the agency to work with international and commercial partners to refocus exploration efforts on the moon, with an eye to eventually going on to Mars and even beyond NASA stated.
“The directive I am signing today will refocus America’s space program on human exploration and discovery. It marks a first step in returning American astronauts to the Moon for the first time since 1972, for long-term exploration and use. This time, we will not only plant our flag and leave our footprints — we will establish a foundation for an eventual mission to Mars, and perhaps someday, worlds beyond; President Donald Trump” indicated on the web site of NASA.
NASA Exploration Campaign has four planned objectives:
- Transition U.S. human spaceflight in low-Earth orbit to commercial operations, which support NASA and the needs of an emerging private sector market.
- Extend long-duration U.S. human spaceflight operations to lunar orbit.
- Enable long-term robotic exploration of the Moon.
- Enable human exploration of the Moon as preparation for human missions to Mars and deeper into the solar system.
“The Moon will play an important role in expanding human presence deeper into the solar system,” said Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator of the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “Coupled with the capabilities enabled by the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway, these missions will usher in a new era of exploration of the Moon and its resources, and provide a training ground for human missions to Mars.”