HXMM01 elliptical galaxy

Space telescope Herschel found an elliptical galaxy in the Whale constellation

In constellation of the Whale the space telescope Hershel found the elliptical galaxy representing “a transitional link” between overactive ancient “star megalopolises” and modern elliptic galaxies. As well as the fossil bird, this galaxy is peculiar “a transitional link” from one stage of development to another. The scientists studied the pictures collected by the space telescope Herschel within the HerMES program. Analyzing the images received at supervision over constellation of the Whale, scientists noticed a big bright spot. Scientists interested in an unusual spot and in detail studied it, having connected to the project a space telescope “Hubble” and land observatories of SMA and VLA. Having analyzed new pictures and radiograms, astronomers came to a conclusion that this spot is a large elliptical galaxy of HXMM01 remote from us on distance in 10 billions years. Having analyzed its range, scientists estimated the mass of a galaxy, quantity and age of stars in it, and also the speed of formation of stars. It appeared that HXMM01 represents association from two faced galaxies — X01N and X01S, whose cumulative weight exceeds the weight of our Galaxy at 9-10 time. Judging by intensity of infrared radiation of HXMM01, a star in it is formed with an ultrahigh speed, 10 times more, than at galaxies of the similar sizes today. By calculations of astronomers, this “boom” was the extremely short — through tens of millions years, instants to astronomy measures, the galaxy calmed down. It allows considering it as a “transitional” link between modern elliptical galaxies, where stars aren’t formed almost, and overactive ancient galaxies.
source:www.sciencerecorder.com, NASA

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