One of the Premier NASA’s Telescope to Target Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

One of the Premier NASA’s Telescope to Target Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

NASA scientists used James Webb Space Telescope to study Great Red Spot of Jupiter. The telescope is one of the most ambitious and complex space observatories that ever built.

The aim of the observations is to study planets, including the mysteries still held by the planets in our own solar system from Mars and beyond.

The lead scientist of Webb telescope of Jupiter’s storm is Leigh Fletcher. His team is part of a larger effort to study several targets in our solar system with Webb.

“Webb’s infrared sensitivity provides a wonderful complement to Hubble visible-wavelength studies of the Great Red Spot,” explained Hammel, the executive vice president of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), “Hubble images have revealed striking changes in the size of the Great Red Spot over the mission’s multi-decade-long lifetime.”

NASA team chose Hammel as an interdisciplinary scientist for Webb in 2002.

Fletcher and his team is going to use Webb’s mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) to create maps of the Great Red Spot of Jupiter and analyze its thermal, chemical and cloud structures.

Scientists use MIRI to observe Jupiter in that part of the electromagnetic spectrum, and observations in such wavelengths are not possible from Earth. Those wavelengths of light may allow the researchers to see storm, which would give insight into its composition.

“We’ll be looking for signatures of any chemical compounds that are unique to the Great Red Spot which could be responsible for the red chromophores,” said Fletcher. Chromophores are the parts of molecules responsible for their color. Fletcher added, “If we don’t see any unexpected chemistry or aerosol signatures…then the mystery of that red color may remain unresolved.”

According to NASA Webb Space Telescope is supposed to be premier space science observatory of the world. The telescope may solve the mysteries and probe the mysterious structures and origins of our universe and our place in it.

Source: NASA