One of the favorite topics of our news is about moon landing. So, on this day (on September 20, 1970) the Soviet Union's Luna 16 moon probe landed on the moon.
The American astronomers found rather small galaxy of HFLS3, stars in which were formed in two thousand times quicker, than in our Milky Way that allows ranking it as a new class of super-starburst galaxy in the early Universe. According to the astronomers, this galaxy is the certificate of that, that in the very ancient time, through only 800 million years after the Big Bang, there were possible rough episodes of a star formation. The scientists managed to track one of the most important eras in the history of development of the first galaxies of the Universe. The astronomers found HFLS3 starburst galaxy with super speed star formation, studying the data collected by a land radio telescope of VLA and orbital observatory Hershel during supervision over constellation of the Dragon. In these pictures scientists noticed rather bright point, which range was strongly stretched because of huge distance, which light passed from its source to observers on Earth. The scientists analyzed a point range, its relative sizes and brightness, and came to a conclusion, that they managed to find the extremely ancient galaxy located at distance in 12,8 billion years. On modern cosmological representations, the first starburst galaxies start appearing approximately at this time, which allows ranking object of HFLS3 in the Dragon constellation as number of “first-borns” of the Universe. The group of astronomers analyzed a galaxy range, paying attention to lines of carbon monoxide, water and other substances indicating presence of warmed gas-and-dust clouds, or “a star day nursery”. To surprise of astronomers, HFLS3 comprised huge stocks of gas and a dust. By their calculations, stars in this galaxy had to be formed in two thousand times more often, than in our Milky Way. As astronomers believe, it allows allocating HFLS3 in a separate class of starburst galaxies.
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