The French scientists found huge viruses of an extraterrestrial origin in reservoirs of Chile and Australia. The virus was in one of deep-water amoebas and in ten times exceeded any of nowadays existing viruses on our planet. And the structure of its genes only for 6 percent is identical terrestrial, the others 94 percent – an extraterrestrial origin. The virus was given already the name – Pandora.Experts believe that the virus could arise on Earth, having arrived from other planet, for example, Mars. Dr Jean-Michel Claverie from the French university Ex-Marseille claims that a virus so big that it even it is difficult to consider under a school microscope. Thus the Pandora virus superficially resembles a bacterial cage and looks as a big dark stain. It is known that it can breed only being in owner.
The scientists know that a bacterium of Shewanella oneidensis living in depths of oceans is capable to develop an electric current at contact with heavy metals. The scientists from the University of East Asia start the new research directed on studying of how bacteria develop electricity, when proteins in cellular membranes contact to a mineral surface. This study is an important step in a way of creation bio-batteries. For the production the necessary quantity of energy for life of bacterium, the proteins can “transport” electrons through a membrane in a high speed. Just as people breathe oxygen and use it for generation of energy, bacterium of Shewanella can use minerals, like iron oxide, for breath. According to the scientists, they know the movement of bacteria’s electrons through cellular membranes, but the transformation of electrons from bacteria into the minerals, still is not clearly for them.
The scientists of University of Southampton in England, found the first skeleton of an Antarctic Minke whale. This discovering will help the scientists to learn at least nine new species from inhospitable climates in the Earth. The whale is the largest mammal on the planet, but the dead whale in the ocean is exceptionally rare. The skeleton of dead whale found in the Antarctic. The scientists found the 35 foot long skeleton of dead Antarctic Minke whale by the “undersea vehicle”. They searched a crater near the South Sandwich Islands approximately one mile below the surface of the ocean. When dies the whale, the body plunges to the floor of ocean.
A group of Russian scientists found DNA of an unknown bacteria in the tests of water of Lake Vostok on February, 2012. This lake is well known as the largest subglacial lake among 400 lakes of Antarctic continent. In the frozen water were founded seven samples of the same bacteria. The scientists say, that the match between DNA and any organism never exceeded 86 percent, but in this case the match is approximately 90 percent. The scientists says, that it is necessary to understand that found not the bacteria, and only its DNA.
Pamela Silver, a Harvard scientist, is working on deriving biofuel from the deep-ocean extremophiles bacteria. U.S. Department of Energy is funding Pamela Silver’s team to find out bacteria, other than the known e-coli, yeast, or even photosynthetic bacteria, which can be used for producing biofuel.
Scientists have created a living neon sign composed of millions of bacterial cells that fluoresce in unison like blinking light bulbs.