ALMA Radio Telescope

ALMA Radio Telescope – The Most Professional Telescope of the World

The most powerful radio telescope of the world will pull back the curtain on the planet obscuring birth. During last two years, the scientists added some antennas and resolution to the Atacama Large Millimater Array (ALMA). The ALMA radio telescope will start its operation in the next week. Last year the AlMA measured the orbits, which moves around the star, and found that the orbits has less dimensions, than the scientists thought. There is two methods for telescopes to find a new exoplanets: one- the gravitational wobble, second- changes of brightness during the passing directly in front of its star. ALMA radio telescope will announce the converting of cold gas into clouds in the protostars. The secret of 1,3 billion facility’s solution are height and distance. Facilities of ALMA sit on a 5000 meter high above the sea. The astronomers, working in ALMA facility at 2900 meters, will use oxygen. The ALMA system include approximately 50 antennas. The system of operating is following: the antennas snag an astronomical signals from the sky, combine all the results in the computer, for getting final information regarding the place, form where they snag the signal.This system allows ALMA not only to observe the young planets, but also pin down life – building block in gas clouds.

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kepler-37b exoplanet

The Smallest Exoplanet Kepler 37b

Astronomers discovered a little exoplanet, which has less dimensions and weight, than the smallest planet Mercury in the solar system. The planet Kepler 37b moves around the star in Lira constellation every 13 days. It has 210 light years distance from the Earth. This planet is stone planet, and has approximately 427 Celsius temperature, because of that fact, there cannot go any speech about life.The moon-size Kepler 37b is so close to its parent star, at just 0.10 AU, that it likely has no atmosphere or liquid water on its surface.Kepler 37b was discovered by telescope “Kepler”. The $600 million Kepler mission launched in March 2009, and has found more than 2,740 candidate alien worlds so far.

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Habitable Exoplanets catalog

Habitable Exoplanets Catalog

Scientists published habitable exoplanets catalog to list all the known planets in the galaxy that could potentially be habitable to life. The count is at seven so far, with many more to come, researchers said. When it was first released last year, it had two potential habitable planets. According to lead researcher Abel Mendez director of the University of Puerto Rico the team expected to add maybe one or two more in the catalog’s first year. The addition of five suspected new planets was wholly beyond anyone’s expectations. Mendez also said scientists are getting smarter about finding exoplanets, and the pace of discovery is increasing. The team expects to add new models in the coming year, which will affect the measurements on objects already in the catalog.

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Rogue alien planet

Rogue Alien Planet CFBDSIR2149

Astronomer Philippe Delorme from the Institute of Planetology and Astrophysics of Grenoble in France and his team discovered  a potential rogue alien planet  CFBDSIR2149 using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, wandering alone just 100 light-years from Earth, suggesting that such starless worlds may be extremely common across the galaxy.The free-floating object, called CFBDSIR2149, is likely a gas giant planet four to seven times more massive than Jupiter, scientists say in a new study unveiled today (Nov. 14). The planet cruises unbound through space relatively close to Earth (in astronomical terms; the Milky Way galaxy is 100,000 light-years wide), perhaps after being booted from its own solar system.

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An Ancient Planetary System Discovered

Astronomers have discovered a planetary system that formed nearly 13 billion years ago, suggesting the early universe harbored more planets than has been thought. The system consists of a star called HIP 11952 and two Jupiter-like alien planets. It is just 375 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Cetus (the Whale). The planets are likely the oldest yet found, at 12.8 billion years old, they’re just 900 million years younger than the universe itself, according to the commonly accepted Big Bang theory. HIP 11952 contains very little other than hydrogen and helium.

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Plausible Explanation for the Pileups of Giant Planets

Some zones encircling baby stars are far more popular than others, drawing crowds of giant planets while the other potential paths for orbits remain empty. Now computer simulations have revealed a plausible explanation of this phenomenon. Rather than occupying orbits at regular distances from a star, giant gas planets similar to Jupiter and Saturn appear to prefer to occupy certain regions in mature solar systems while staying clear of others.

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Scientists Have Discovered New Type of Alien Planet

Scientists have discovered a new type of alien planet.The standard-bearer for this new class of exoplanet is called GJ 1214b, which astronomers first discovered in December 2009.GJ1214b is a super-Earth orbiting a red-dwarf star 40 light-years from Earth in the constellation Ophiuchus (The Serpent Bearer). New observations from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope show that it is a waterworld enshrouded by a thick, steamy atmosphere. GJ1214b represents a new type of planet, like nothing seen in our solar system or any other planetary system currently known. To date, astronomers have discovered more than 700 planets beyond our solar system, with about 2,300 more candidates awaiting confirmation by follow-up observations but according to researchers GJ 1214b, is something new altogether. This so-called super-Earth is about 2.7 times Earth’s diameter and weighs nearly seven times as much as our home planet.

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