In constellation of the Whale the space telescope Hershel found the elliptical galaxy representing “a transitional link” between overactive ancient “star megalopolises” and modern elliptic galaxies. As well as the fossil bird, this galaxy is peculiar “a transitional link” from one stage of development to another. The scientists studied the pictures collected by the space telescope Herschel within the HerMES program. Analyzing the images received at supervision over constellation of the Whale, scientists noticed a big bright spot. Scientists interested in an unusual spot and in detail studied it, having connected to the project a space telescope “Hubble” and land observatories of SMA and VLA.
3500-kilogram infrared space telescope Herschel launched in 1990 on height of 1,5 million kilometers over Earth, made interesting discovery. During long supervision over our galaxy, the European astronomical observatory recorded hot molecular gas, which falls into a supermassive central black hole. Our local black hole is located in the region known under the name Sagittarius of A *. This compact radiation source is at distance about 26 000 light years from our Solar System. The mass of the central object makes 4,3 million mass of the Sun. The huge number of a dust lays in the plane of our galaxy between its edges and the center, complicating us and our orbital telescopes the most part of visibility in the visible wave range.
In frames of NASAs’ mission of European Space Agency (ESA), the astronomers found some youngest stars in the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex . These stars were discovered by some astronomers from different observatories from Sweden and Germany. These astronomers collaborated in the European Space Agency (ESA) mission for understanding the formation of new stars. The discovery gives the chance to scientists to understand the formation of the star. The star comes to life from the gravitational collapse of gas and dust clouds. Finding the protostars in the earliest time, poses a challenge. For a long time the astronomers had observed the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, but had not found any new forming star, until the Herschel telescope observed the region. Herschel found the protostars by infrared, long-wavelength light, which can shine through the clouds.
The Herschel Space Observatory has discovered a giant, galaxy-packed filament ablaze with billions of new stars. The filament connects two clusters of galaxies that, along with a third cluster, will smash together and give rise to one of the largest galaxy superclusters in the universe. Herschel is a European Space Agency mission with important NASA contributions. The filament is the first structure of its kind spied in a critical era of cosmic buildup when colossal collections of galaxies called superclusters began to take shape.
New photo, snapped by the European Space Agency’s Herschel space observatory, shows Cygnus-X, an extremely active star-forming region about 4,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus (The Swan). As said researchers in the new photo, bright white areas highlight areas where large stars have recently formed out of such clouds. These clumps are particularly evident in the right-hand side of the image, which shows a chaotic network of filaments.