Hubble Space Telescope captured a supernova explosion named SN 2014J in the galaxy M82. The distance of approximately 11.5 million light-years from Earth it is the closest supernova of its type discovered in the past few decades. The explosion is categorized as a Type Ia supernova, which is theorized to be triggered in binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and another star — which could be a second white dwarf, a star like our Sun, or a giant star.
On July 5, 2013 it was confirmed about existence of one more, 14th satellite of the last planet of Solar system – satellite of Neptune. The picture from the Hubble telescope shows recently opened companion of the Neptune at number S/2004 N1. The black-and-white picture was made in 2009 the Hubble telescope and a color picture of the Neptune in August, 2009. Thanks to new opening of this satellite, the number of the known moon round the last planet increased to fourteen. According to preliminary estimates scientists, diameter of the new S/2004 N1 satellite of Neptune is equal 16-20 km that is the smallest today the known companion of the Neptune. It so dim and small in a size that it is weaker approximately in 100 million times of the most dim star which the person can see with the naked eye. At Voyager-2 spacecraft flight by a planet in 1989, he couldn’t find this satellite. The author of opening Mark Showalter from Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence/SETI/ could find this satellite during research of arches, and as segments round the Neptune. For its search there were used about 150 archival pictures of the Neptune, which were made by the Hubble telescope during the period from 2004 to 2009.
For the first time Scientists from Great Britain could define color of a planet out of Solar system. With help of pictures from Hubble telescope they established that the gas giant in constellation of Chanterelle is painted in bright blue color. Thus they explained that as the reason of such coloring serve not water oceans, as on Earth, and the melted glass. Astronomers could define color of a planet, having tracked how the range depending on the provision of a planet in relation to the star changed. The first of them is- when the planet was closed from supervision by a star, and the second – when it was in a visibility range.
The telescope Hubble captured a shining stars penguin. Approximately at distance of 326 million light years from our planet in constellation of the Hydra a space telescope Hubble photographed two galaxies in the course of merge, which are similar to huge and shining stars penguin. Two are guilty of creation of such unusual galactic form galaxy: usual spiral galaxy of NGC 2936, and also galaxy of the smaller NGC 2937 sizes. Object, which turns out as a result of merge of these two galaxies received Arp 142 designation. When two different galaxies face and merge, often they create form absolutely unrecognizable or reminding any object. Big gas-and-dust clouds of both galaxies which merge also are attracted to each other that give a powerful spur for active formation of new stars.
Scientists managed to find a young giant planet at record distance from a star in 80 astronomical units. Discovery is made with help of observations over a dust disk, which astronomers made with use of telescope Hubble. The giant planet is found near a star of TW Hydrae which belongs to the class of red dwarfs and removed from Earth for 176 light years. The age of a star is estimated at eight million years that isn’t enough to measures of star evolution. About the youth of TW Hydrae speaks including existence round a gas-and-dust disk. New pictures allowed scientists to see that the disk is non-uniform: telescope Hubble found in it a ring gap in the form of a strip at distance about 80 astronomical units from the center. For comparison, the radius of an orbit of the Neptune is equal to 30 astronomical units, distances from Earth to the Sun is150 million kilometers.
In constellation of the Whale the space telescope Hershel found the elliptical galaxy representing “a transitional link” between overactive ancient “star megalopolises” and modern elliptic galaxies. As well as the fossil bird, this galaxy is peculiar “a transitional link” from one stage of development to another. The scientists studied the pictures collected by the space telescope Herschel within the HerMES program. Analyzing the images received at supervision over constellation of the Whale, scientists noticed a big bright spot. Scientists interested in an unusual spot and in detail studied it, having connected to the project a space telescope “Hubble” and land observatories of SMA and VLA.
Before emergence of the serious technical problems connected with full leakage of liquid helium on a space telescope Hubble, it managed to make one more important and interesting opening. Hubble found two stars, which already finished the evolution and turned into white dwarfs, at distance about 150 light years from Earth. In comparison with ordinary dwarfs, who has quite neutral atmosphere, the atmosphere of these two stars has a set of elements – construction blocks, which are responsible for formation of firm planets. These two stars were found by tools of an orbital telescope in Hyades scattered star congestion in constellation of the Taurus. Age Hyades makes about 625 million years. According to the researchers from the Cambridge University for them became a big surprise when they found construction elements in the atmosphere of two white dwarfs found telescope Hubble.
NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope new image shows NGC 7026, a planetary nebula. Located just beyond the tip of the tail of the constellation of Cygnus (The Swan), this butterfly-shaped cloud of glowing gas and dust is the wreckage of a star similar to the Sun. Planetary nebulae, despite their name, have nothing to do with planets. They are in fact a relatively short-lived phenomenon that occurs at the end of the life of mid-sized stars.
Venus will pass in front of the sun from Earth’s perspective on Tuesday (June 5; Wednesday, June 6, in much of the Eastern Hemisphere), marking the last such Venus transit until 2117. However, there’s a chance to observe an Earth transit less than two years from now using a little creative thinking, some researchers note. In January 2014, Jupiter will witness a transit of Earth. And we can see it too, the astronomers say, by training NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope on the huge planet and studying the sunlight it reflects.