Top 10 Facts about Jupiter

Today, we have listed top 10 facts about Jupiter, that is worth knowing. Jupiter is the largest planet that we know of now. It’s similar to a star, but it never got big enough to start burning. It has big storms like the Great Red Spot, which has been going for hundreds of years. Jupiter also has rings, but they’re too faint to see very well. So there are many facts about Jupiter that is really fascinating, but we distinguished top 10 facts which is the most interesting.

The origin of water on Jupiter

French astrophysics established that a source practically all water in a stratosphere of Jupiter is the comet Shoemaker – Levy 9, fallen to a planet in 1994. Conclusions of researchers are based on supervision over a stratosphere of the gas giant, carried out by means of a space telescope Herschel. Data were obtained in the infrared range, with lengths of waves of 66.4 and 179.5 micrometers, where water has characteristic peaks of radiation. In work were used the spectrometers of PACS and HIFI established on a telescope. Made on the basis of data Herschel the card of distribution of water in a stratosphere of Jupiter was not uniform: in the southern hemisphere its concentration was much higher, than in the northern. According to astrophysicists, such heterogeneity unambiguously says, that its source is the comet Shoemaker- Levy 9, which in 1994 entered just into the southern hemisphere. Scientists specify that the water rising within of a planet would be distributed evenly. To other, more uniform distribution lead also other alternative scenarios, for example, water drift from the outside together with a space dust.

The Hot Spots in Atmosphere of Jupiter

Using the images from Cassini spacecraft, the scientists found that the hot spots of Jupiter’s atmosphere are created by a wave named Rossby. The hot spots are cloudless patches of Jupiter’s atmosphere. This is the first time that the scientists observed the hot spots, and this is the best way to appreciate the nature of features of hot spots. Also the scientists made movies from the observations taken by Cassini, during its last flyby Jupiter. The films zoom in (approximately 7 degrees) the hot spots between the dark parts and bright white parts of Jupiter.
About the hot spots the scientists much knew from Galileo spacecraft, which descended into a hot spot in 1995.

Scientists Discovered Salt Water On The Surface Of Europa

The scientists, who were observing the Jupter and its moons, discovered a salt water on the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. They suggests, that if someone can get to the moon through the all difficulties, and drink the water, the taste of water will be familiar. The Europa moon of Jupiter, overed with cracks and salt chemicals. The moon also has a gigantic ocean with frozen exterior. Because of this, the moon of Jupiter, is one of the most likely places to find life in our solar system outside of the Earth. In Hawaii the scientists used the telescope Keck, and mapped in the surface of Europa, an infrared wavelengths with 40 times greater resolutions, which they hadn’t obtained in the previous.

Explosion on Jupiter Captured Amateur Astronomers

American amateur astronomers Dan Peterson and George Hall  recorded a explosion on Jupiter caused by the fall of a large meteorite. Dan Peterson watched the gas giant with the twelve-inch amateur telescope. On Monday at 11:15 GMT, he discovered explosion on Jupiter, which took about 1.5-2 seconds. Scientists estimate that it caused the fall of a meteorite with a diameter of about 10 meters. The fall of large meteorites and explosion  on Jupiter – not very rare. Until 2010, they were recorded in 2009 and 1994.

Hubble May See Transit of Earth in 2014

Venus will pass in front of the sun from Earth’s perspective on Tuesday (June 5; Wednesday, June 6, in much of the Eastern Hemisphere), marking the last such Venus transit until 2117. However, there’s a chance to observe an Earth transit less than two years from now using a little creative thinking, some researchers note. In January 2014, Jupiter will witness a transit of Earth. And we can see it too, the astronomers say, by training NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope on the huge planet and studying the sunlight it reflects.

Superflares of Sun-Like Stars

Astronomers have previously detected superflares from a variety of star types, which release bursts that have 10 to 10,000 times more energy than the largest solar flare ever detected from our sun. Scientists wanted to know how common these outbursts might be from stars like the sun, those with masses and temperatures similar to our star. Even normal solar flares can damage satellites, endanger astronauts and wreak havoc on electrical grids on Earth, suggesting that superflares might be catastrophic to life on Earth.

Alien Super Earth Light

NASA’s infrared Spitzer Space Telescope spotted light from the alien planet 55 Cancri e, which orbits a star 41 light-years from Earth. A year on the extrasolar planet lasts just 18 hours. The planet 55 Cancri e was first discovered in 2004 and is not a habitable world. Instead, it is known as a super-Earth because of its size: The world is about twice the width of Earth and is super-dense, with about eight times the mass of Earth. But until now, scientists have never managed to detect the infrared light from the super-Earth world. Spitzer first detected infrared light from an alien planet in 2005.

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