On Thursday from air base Vandenberg in California was started the rocket Pegasus XL with specialized solar observatory of IRIS device onboard. The satellite intended for research of processes in the atmosphere of the Sun, is successfully put to settlement orbit. The IRIS device is calculated on two years of active work. In the next month it will pass flight tests then scientists will start to work. The ultra-violet telescope established onboard with a 20-centimetric mirror will allow in combination with the new spectrograph and the camera to receive earlier inaccessible information on the Sun atmosphere. The satellite is made counting upon detailed research of the photosphere, the chromospheres and so-called transitional layer.
Astronomers discovered the asteroids and the comets, which are approaching to Earth, the number of objects reached 10 thousand. The asteroid 2013 MZ5 with a diameter about 300 meters was found on June 18 by Pan-STARRS-1 telescope. By the words of Lindley Johnson (the director of NASA division of research of object approaching to the Earth) the detection of 10 thousand objects approaching with Earth is an important boundary. But it is necessary to find still in 10 times more before they can be sure that they won’t pass any, capable to face Earth and to do essential harm to her inhabitants. Objects approaching with Earth (NEO — Near-Earth objects) is the asteroids and comets which can approach to Earth closer, than on 45 million kilometers. Biggest of the asteroids is (1036) Ganymede asteroid, 41 kilometer in size in the diameter. Among 10 thousand found objects about 10% more than 1 kilometer.
After completion of Grail Nasa mission, scientists had an opportunity to study the Moon mascons. When last year two space twin devices finished the mission on studying of gravitational fields of the Moon scientists had a chance to learn more about the Moon mascons. Mascons are in abbreviated form concentration of weight. According to scientists of Grail Nasa mission, they are regions of a lithosphere of a planet or the natural satellite, causing positive gravitational anomalies. Mascons were found and localized on indignations in movements of artificial satellites of the Moon. Most often mascons are located under the lunar seas having a roundish form.
If the dangerous asteroid departs towards to Earth, one of options will be sending the spaceship, which will destroy it a nuclear bomb.
Such mission which will cost about $1 billion can be developed in NASA, for protection against asteroids. Bong Wie, the director of the Research center at university of the State of Iowa, described system which develops it team, for visitors at the International conference on space development in La-Hoya, California, on May 23.
The anti-asteroid spaceship delivers the nuclear bomb to destroy threats before they will be able to reach Earth. The two-section spaceship will consist of an impact of kinetic energy, which will separate for crater creation in an asteroid. Other part of the spacecraft will bear the nuclear weapon, which will explode in an asteroid crater.
The purpose will consist in division of an asteroid into a set of parts, which then will disperse on separate trajectories.
Wie considers that 99 percent of parts of an asteroid will fly by Earth that considerably limits impact on a planet. What will overtake Earth, will burn down in the atmosphere and don’t pose any threat.
The big hurricane on a surface of Saturn, similar to a rose bud, captured the NASA Cassini spacecraft. Scales of the hurricane impress: its diameter makes 2 thousand km that in 20 times more, than the biggest hurricane on Earth. Cassini allowed researchers to make out for the first time a hurricane on Saturn in detail. Wind speed in the hurricane center as it became clear, reaches 150 m/second. Unlike terrestrial storm, which move on a planet, the hurricane on Saturn isn’t mobile and is on its North Pole. On Earth hurricanes, as a rule, drift to the north, because of the turbulences of a wind caused by movement of a planet.
For a long time researches observing the Saturn and its system of satellites, and came to a conclusion, that liquid lakes on Titan can dry up completely. The American Kassini spacecraft and its onboard scientific tools long time investigated the largest satellite of Saturn – the Titan, which is known that is the only heavenly body in our Solar System, without considering our own planet, which has liquid on the surface. Notorious lakes on Titan play on this natural satellite the same role, as water on Earth. Methane on the Titan takes active part in liquid circulation. It evaporates, and then drops out in the form of a precipitation. Everything happens practically just as and on Earth to water. Recently, scientists came to a conclusion, that on the Titan is not only methane, but also ethane, which evaporates not as rapidly as methane, but also it can not help the Titan, with preservation of its liquid on a surface. By estimates of scientists of team of the American Space Agency NASA
The head of NASA submitted the draft of the budget of agency for 2014. The total amount of the required budget of space agency for 2014 fiscal year makes 17,7 billion dollars. By the words of astronomers using available breakthrough technologies, NASA develops the first mission in the history on identification, capture and asteroid towage. This mission will bring research of a space and human knowledge to new level, will help the astronomers to protect a native planet and will approach them to sending people for an asteroid. The task of project is to take a small asteroid and to transfer it to a circumlunar orbit. Flight of astronauts on an asteroid then will be provided with help of NASA carrier rocket “System of space starts” (Space Launch System) and the Orion spacecraft. For a start, the probe, which will pursue and will take approximately 25-foot (8 meters) the asteroid, will be pilotless. It will receive a food from solar electric motors, which generate draft at the expense of acceleration of the loaded particles called by ions. Pilotless test start of Orion is planned for the next year.
The scientists of NASA will investigate asteroids directly in the space with the Orion spacecraft
The scientists of NASA develop the robotic Orion spacecraft. The purpose of this project is to capture of space object for in-depth studies. When falling to Earth any meteorite or an asteroid loses part of weight, burning down in the atmosphere, many chemical and physical properties of combustible object thus change.
If to study an asteroid directly in the space, for the scientists of NASA it will be possible to understand, what its real chemical composition. But The scientists of NASA will not just operate the Orion, because for Orion’s successful operation on connection of the spacecraft to an asteroid requires the help of the Moon. Orion will have to fly up to object, to capture him and to put to Lunar orbit.
The pilotless ship will grab an asteroid of 7,6 meters in size and of 450 metric tons in 2019. After that, the Orion delivers to it 4 astronauts, who will land on it and will study in 2021.
The team of expeditors led by Bezos found rusted pieces of two Apollo-era rocket engines from the depths of Atlantic ocean. As you know, the Apollo rocket helped the astronauts to fly to the Moon. The expeditors’ team raised the engine parts approximately three weeks, then carried the parts to the launch pad for the lunar missions in Florida. The Bezos team used the sonar equipment for finding the location of sunken engines, which are approximately 3 miles deep in the Atlantic ocean and 360 miles from Cape Canaveral. But there is some unclear fact. The serial numbers on the corroded pieces are missing or it is hard for expeditors to read the numbers. So, the Bezos team can’t know to which Apollo mission the engines belonged.