Though, the American Geophysical Union reported that the spacecraft Voyager 1 was outside the heliosphere,but the NASA don’t agree with this report. By the words of team of Voyager 1, the spacecraft has not left the solar system yet, or it reached to interstellar space. The AGU, did the measurement at AUG. 25. These measurements showed radical changes, which meant that the spacecraft had left the solar system, or the huge magnetic bubble including our solar system, and the entire magnetic field. There is some disagreement between the astronomer Bill Webber (professor from New Mexico State University in Las Cruces) and the Voyager project scientist Ed Stone regarding the location of Voyager 1. Bill Webber explained, that during a few days decreased the intensity of heliospheric radiation, and the cosmic ray intensity went up. But Ed Stone explained that the spacecraft had reached to a new region, named “the magnetic highway”, where changed the energetic particles.
The spacecraft of NASA Voyager 1, is the most far object from the Earth. The Voyager 1 is the fastest spacecraft, which the people have ever created. In 35 years after start an automatic probe “Voyager-1” recorded strong change in intensity of quickly moving loaded particles called by space beams, which allowed to draw a conclusion of the device, which could cross heliosphere border. The heliosphere is a solar systems’ border. Beyond the limits of interstellar space, there must be parts, which will be independent from the loaded parts and from a magnetic field . The scientist Bill Vebber think, that everything speaks well that the Voyager-1 left the region depending on influence of the sun, its data show such characteristics of hydrogen and helium which can be observed in the interstellar environment.
The top of the Kizimen volcano is covered by ashes, lava and various volcanic emissions. The satellite of NASA Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) allowed to register eruption consequences, having made this picture on March 12. It is possible to notice that the smoke column still rises from top while snow covers a lava stream on East side of a volcano. Kizimen is a start volcano, which height makes 2376 m. The form of volcano reminds the Japanese mountain of Fuji before its eruption in 1980. The main crater of a volcano is expressed poorly. Kizimen’s slopes are covered with different volcanic outbursts.
For the determination the existing the life on Mars, the European Space Agency (EAS) and Russian federal agency signed a contract. This contract allows them to work together on the ExoMars program. The EAS agreed to provide the Trace Gas orbiter (TGO) and the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) in 2016, and the rover in 2018. The Russian part agreed to be responsible for both missions. Two partners will supply all the scientific instruments and will closely cooperate. By the TGO the researchers will search the presence of methane and other gases on the atmosphere of Mars. Also the TGO will collect information for the 2018 mission. The EDM will lend on Mars in 2016 and will support the key technologies for the mission of rover in 2018.
Using the images from Cassini spacecraft, the scientists found that the hot spots of Jupiter’s atmosphere are created by a wave named Rossby. The hot spots are cloudless patches of Jupiter’s atmosphere. This is the first time that the scientists observed the hot spots, and this is the best way to appreciate the nature of features of hot spots. Also the scientists made movies from the observations taken by Cassini, during its last flyby Jupiter. The films zoom in (approximately 7 degrees) the hot spots between the dark parts and bright white parts of Jupiter.
About the hot spots the scientists much knew from Galileo spacecraft, which descended into a hot spot in 1995.
Last Saturday on March 9, the Cassini (Cassini is a NASAs’ robotic spacecraft sent to the Saturn planet) was most near to the Saturn moon Rhea , for the first time. During this close passing the Cassini did the image of the Rhea. The purpose of flyby was to observe the internal structure of the Rhea. This probe was done by measuring the gravitation pull of Rhea. The results of probe will help the scientists to find out if the Rhea, which has 950 mile wide, is homogeneous, or it is separated into core layers of mental. The distance of Cassini from the Saturn moon Rhea was 997 kilometers, and from this distance it was possible to capture the terrain of the Moon. The Rhea is the second largest moons of Saturn among the 62 moons. It has a surface with a lot of ice and craters. In the composing of Rhea is including rocks and water ice. The researchers also searched the dust flying off the moon, which will determine the micrometeorites’ impacts rate on the surface of the Rhea.
At the end of March we will say goodbye to a comet C/2011 L4 forever. On March 10 the comet C2011 L4 approaches to the Sun as much as possible. The astronomers from astronomical observatory McDonald, the comet C/2011 L4 Panstarrs has vary long elliptic orbit. For the full passing with the orbit the comet needs approximately 100 million years. After March the comet C/2011 L4 Panstarrs will leave vicinities of the Earth and the Sun. On March 10, the comet C/2011 L4 Panstarrs will fly maximally close to the Sun. The distance between the comet and the Sun will be 45 milion kilometers. As the comet is very bright, it is possible to watch it with the naked eye. On the March 5 the comet approached to our planet, and the distance between the comet and the Earth was 162 million kilometers.
The Earth has only one natural satellite, which is the Moon. The surface of the Moon has a lot of lunar craters.
The Mars rover Curiosity of NASA, switched off, to wait out a Mars-bound solar blast. The mars rover will be put on standby after the Tuesday, when the SUN unleashed a flare in the direction of Red Planet. The team of rover views the shutdown of Curiosity, for withstanding of solar outbursts. The move can delay the return of mars rover to the operation, which is anticipated in this weekend. The robot perfectly operated in the Red Planet until Feb. 27, when it didn’t send the recorded data to the Earth.