The Northrop Grumman Corporation developed CUTLASS – the robot intended for ensuring remote supervision and fight against dangerous threats, which has to act as replacement of the British army Wheelbarrow (the robot for neutralization of bombs). CUTLASS was developed and made by Northrop Grumman in Coventry, Great Britain. The bomb neutralizing robot can brag of a modular design of the manipulator with three fingers for capture at the end, which is designed with nine degrees of freedom allowing it to work in hard-to-reach spots, such as car salon. It is equipped with six wheels, which help it with cross-country terrain overcoming under any weather conditions and allow to creep at small speeds for delicate operations or to disperse to 12 km/h (7,4 miles/h) when speed is required.
The prototype of such robot called by SkySweeper, was presented this month at the Californian university San Diego (UCSD). This robot is for checking of lines, the worth of SkySweeper less than 1000 US dollars. The robot was constructed of electronics available on sale and the plastic details printed on inexpensive 3D – the printer. Check of high-voltage lines and other engineering communications is long, difficult and often a dangerous task. Inspection of high-voltage cables means or sending there the expert, in protective clothes and food switching off, or use of existing bulky and difficult devices. There are robots, which can inspect a wire, but they have various shortcomings. According to researchers the existing robots of inspection of high-voltage lines big, difficult and expensive. Power supply companies can use also the piloted or pilotless helicopters, equipped infrared equipment for check of lines.
The robot frog from University of Leeds helps the plastic surgeons during operations. The robot frog is intended for movement on internal belly walls of the patient during the plastic operation. It allows surgeons to see operation process in real time on the video channel. Extremities of a wood frog allow the device to keep strong on damp, slippery fabric in the turned condition. Though to find ways to hold or take fabric not so difficult, extremities of a frog allow to do it without special harm to the patient. The leading researcher, professor Anna Nevill told that the wood frogs have hexagonal patten channels standing, which at contact with a damp surface allows to construct capillary bridges, and, therefore, creates sticking force. Generally capillary works suffer failure as soon as there is a movement, thus, researchers looked at the tiny mechanisms used in the nature.
Artificial hands of i-Limb of production Touch Bionics submit not only to signals of muscles of the person, but also orders from the iPhone. Through a mobile application the user can force the artificial limb to accept one of 24 positions. The latest technologies allow to straighten, for example, a forefinger, to shift big and index fingers or to relax a hand. Signals from the appendix are given on an i-Limb hand through Bluetooth. Developers tried to achieve realness of a hand therefore began to let out it in 2 sizes – man’s and female and in several options of registration of skin of a biohand. Aluminum framework reduces the weight of an artificial limb and gives opportunity to receive load of a hand to 90 kg. Essence control of work of a inartificial limb, that developers in the new artificial hands i-LIMB Pulse model gave the chance to the person most to adjust a hand artificial limb through Bluetooth and the computer BioSim programs: to adjust effort and an operation threshold, to choose opportunities and standard captures, to include or switch off pulsing effect. Generally, now the person can precisely arrange a hand an artificial limb under actions and physiological features of the organism.
The Boston Dynamics created the PETMAN robot, which in a suit of chemical protection is almost indistinguishable from the live person. Initially PETMAN intended for tests of soldier’s equipment, and natural tests which can entail death of people, for example testing of suits of chemical protection with use o f real poison gases.For this reason PETMAN has an anthropomorphous design, which is most repeating outlines and kinematics of a human body. PETMAN imitates movements of the person rather precisely. It is especially necessary for check of suits of chemical protection, after all in fighting conditions at use of the chemical weapon even such trifle as the crack in incorrectly cut out fabric can lead to death of thousands soldiers. PETMAN is equipped with a set of sensors, which allow to estimate, and safe this or that equipment will be how convenient. PETMAN is interesting also to that on its base the field option is created: the Atlas robot soldier, which participates in the DARPA Robotics Challenge program. Atlas is very similar to PETMAN, it has 28 degrees of freedom, powerful hands and feet with the hydraulic drive. It will be even more mobile, than PETMAN. At the moment PETMAN robot is able to go a fast pace, both on equal, and on a cross-country terrain, including ladders, holes and low barriers. The Atlas robot is positioned as the rescuer, who will be able to use the same equipment, as people, but thus will be able to work in literal sense in inhuman conditions of a fire and radiation infection. The technical characteristics allow to use the robot as the fighter.
Japanese company SCHAFT Inc. declared break in technologies of the engine, which can bypass restrictions of existing systems. SCHAFT developed and patented a new type of the drive, which will be able to make muscles of the robot much stronger. For the first time the Japanese robot company paid attention to these technologies when developing Urata Leg, advanced model of the HRP3L robot, from Kawada Industries. In Urata Leg standard servo-drivers are replaced with powerful condenser engines of high efficiency, system of water cooling of the engine. Along with algorithms of management they allowed the robot to keep balance, when that made pusher movements or moved a certain freight. Not for long after that, Japanese robot developers decided to create the robot by the name of SCHAFT for introduce the technology. At the heart of this technology the powerful motor engine high-voltage and cooled by liquid, which receives a food from the condenser lies. It, in turn, allows the electric motor to provide the high speed and a high torque (high turns) to robot hands, that is almost impossible with other engines.
The British Rex robot is amazingly similar to the person, as the Rex robot has the real heart, and even blood. Over creation of the Rex robot worked the whole international team of scientists. As a result – the real miracle of science and equipment turned out. The robot has artificial ears, eyes, face, heart, pancreas, kidneys, liver, tracheas, hand and foot. Instead of blood, on the body of the robot, flow nanoparticles, which transfer oxygen, as well as human blood. Rex is equipped with artificial intelligence, it can communicate with people. Creation of such robot is an important stage in bionic technologies. Naturally, the robot not so sensitive as the person, but, according to the scientists, it only the start. Scientists note that creation of bodies identical by the form is not a problem, but to create bodies which would have the same distinguished mechanism of work, as well as at the person, – here in what a problem.
The walking robot mantis, which founders called Mantis is result of continued four years’ work of engineers from the Micromagic Systems. The idea on creation of monster belongs to Matt Denton, the chief developer of the walking robot. Mantis is a design of the impressive sizes. Height of a design makes 2 meters 80 centimeters, and it weighs 1900 kilograms. The robot is equipped with a special cabin for the driver, the 2,2-liter turbo diesel engine and hydraulic system. Movement is provided with six massive feet and a number of sensors, which number includes power sensors, sensors of an angle of rotation and the tilt angle measuring instrument. Operation of the hydraulic drives located in feet of the robot, the software developed specially for this device supervises. There is a small display in the closed single cabin, on which comes the current information regarding the condition of the robot. Also it is supposed that it will possible to operate the robot not only by the operator, but also through Wi-Fi. The robot not only freely moves in space, but it removes subjects lying on a way. From all walking robots Mantis is the biggest in the world.
The researchers from the University of Sheffield in U.K. are working on a project regarding the team of robots with an artificial intelligence, which could provide scientists to understand how robots rely on networking to accomplish simple tasks.
The research focused on 40 robots, which are capable of working as a group to different tasks, including pushing balls and navigating simple obstacles. Also, the robots are capable to separate and reorganize into different groups themselves.
While the movements of these robots are confined to simple movements, the scientists can provide the insight into how robots can be programmed for more complicated tasks.
The creation of the robots the team of researchers began with a simple goal. They wanted to create robots, which will be able to identify the position of nearby robots. The robot began to identify the position of nearby robot, and if none exist, it turns and begins to move in the opposite direction. The part of the researchers’ goal is the finding nearby robots.