Virgin Galactic launched its first rocket Spaceship after a fatal crash in 2014. Virgin Galactic is a spaceflight company within the Virgin Group. It is developing commercial spacecraft and aims to provide suborbital spaceflights to space tourists and suborbital launches for space science missions. Virgin Galactic plans to provide orbital human spaceflights as well. SpaceShipTwo is air launched from beneath a carrier airplane known as White Knight Two. The founder of Galactic, Sir Richard Branson, had said that he hoped to see the first flight by the end of 2009, but this date has been delayed on a number of reasons, most recently by the October 2014 in-flight loss of SpaceShipTwo VSS Enterprise.
SpaceX is going to build its BFR (Big Falcon Rocket) spaceship with a new capacity in Los Angeles, Mayor Eric Garcetti declared on April 16. SpaceX’s founder and CEO, Elon Musk, has claimed that the BFR may also send humans to the moon, launch satellites to low Earth orbit, clean up orbital debris and move passengers around Earth at record speeds. Space.com mentioned “The company plans to use this ambitious new vessel, whose acronym name stands for “Big Falcon Rocket” (or a less-family-friendly version of that name) to send people to Mars by 2024 and set up a colony on the Red Planet within the next 50 to 100 years.”
There is something new to realize a great idea. A startup that is called SpinLaunch in California wants to send payloads into space, and SpinLaunch raised $30 million found to develop operation. SpaceX spends approximately $62 million to launch its Falcon 9 rocket, while more powerful Falcon Heavy costs $90 million per launch. However, the price of single launch would be reduced to under $500,000. The company is planning to utilize large centrifuge spinning rate. All of its momentum will be harnessed to catapult cargo into space. If the momentum is high enough, the payload would be able to leave the atmosphere of Earth (probably at a speed of 4,800 km/h or more) on its own.
The Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway was one of several projects funded in President Donald Trump’s $19.9 billion NASA budget proposal for 2019. It would work similarly to the International Space Station. The lunar platform will orbit the moon not the Earth. It is going to finish by 2023. Robert Lightfoot, NASA’s acting administrator, said “The platform would “help us further explore the moon and its resources and translate that experience toward human missions to Mars”. The power and propulsion element is going to lunch in 2022. This element would use solar electric propulsion to keep the gateway in the appropriate position in space. It also would provide space to Earth, space to lunar and spacecraft to spacecraft communications, as well as support communication for spacewalks. Lasers would be transferred according to a Feb. 13 NASA web post.
In March of the current year Roskosmos and EKA signed one more important agreement in frames of the ExoMars project. The ExoMars project assumes start in 2016 of an orbital probe of TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) for research of Mars and landing disembarkation to its surface of the demonstration EDM module. And in 2018 will send a landing platform with a mars rover. Originally it was the EKA and NASA joint project, however the American side left it then Europeans addressed with the offer on cooperation to Roskosmos. For both missions Roskosmos will provide the carrier rockets “Proton” and the corresponding starting services. On July 2 approximately on the tenth second after start the Russian rocket Proton with three Glonass-M satellites suddenly changed the flight direction, started falling and blew up in the Baikonur Cosmodrome territory. It had to put for the first time since 2011 to orbit three navigation satellites for replenishment of orbital group. The Russian rocket Proton which has fallen on the first minute of start, it is far not the first spacecraft which has exploded at start. So, in 2010 on December 5 the similar Proton rocket with three GLONASS satellites couldn’t orbit vehicles.
The team of expeditors led by Bezos found rusted pieces of two Apollo-era rocket engines from the depths of Atlantic ocean. As you know, the Apollo rocket helped the astronauts to fly to the Moon. The expeditors’ team raised the engine parts approximately three weeks, then carried the parts to the launch pad for the lunar missions in Florida. The Bezos team used the sonar equipment for finding the location of sunken engines, which are approximately 3 miles deep in the Atlantic ocean and 360 miles from Cape Canaveral. But there is some unclear fact. The serial numbers on the corroded pieces are missing or it is hard for expeditors to read the numbers. So, the Bezos team can’t know to which Apollo mission the engines belonged.
The Dragon Capsule is preparing to do the first operation, from dozen missions for Nasa. The time of launch is 8:35 p.m. on Oct. 7 from Florida Station. The spacecraft will join with International Space Station after three days. The flight, named CRS -1, will begin and do the same rendezvous with the station, as the previous craft. The Dragon capsule will go to space, on 9 rocket and 9 kerosene- and oxygen-powered engines. When the Dragon capsule is in orbit, after eleven minutes, a controllers will begin the testing of rendezvous’ sensors from the Earth. The SpaceX craft will spend about three weeks, then the craft will return to the Earth. The difference of this mission from the previous, is that the Dragon capsule will be filled by the cargo for an operational mission. In the capsule will be the freezer for the station’s samples, and the locker, which will be filled by variety materials, for those astronomers, who lives and works in the station.
Apophis previously known as 2004 MN4, a member of the Aten group of near-Earth asteroids which had been estimated by NASA as having a 1 in 5500 chance of striking the Earth in 2029. Concealing the energy of 65,000 atomic bombs asteroid Apophis with a mass of 50 million tonnes and a diameter of 320 meters will cross the orbit of the moon and rush to the Earth with a speed of 45 thousand miles per hour. In a collision of Apophis might do unseen troubles.
According to state media reports and the country’s human spaceflight agency China will launch its manned mission to an orbiting space laboratory in mid-June. A Long March 2F rocket will launch three astronauts aboard a Shenzhou 9 capsule for China’s first manned space docking at the mini-space station Tiangong-1. The space lab module has been circling Earth unmanned since its launch last year. China’s Shenzhou 9 mission will mark the fourth human spaceflight for the country, which has been making steady advances since the launch of Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei in 2003 on Shenzhou 5, the country’s first human spaceflight.