The new Italian satellite with 34 telescopes on board would start the search of habitable planets in the Universe.Called Plato (from the initial letters of the project Planetary Transits And Stellar Oscillations) satellite developed at the Department of Astronomy, University of Padua, in collaboration with the Observatories of Brera and Catania, under the auspices of the National Institute for Astrophysics and the Italian Space Agency.
NASA’s twins probes, Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory, which is planned to start in September 2011, will be able to find the last missing piece of the lunar puzzle by studying the internal structure of the Earth satellite.GRAIL mission involves the launch of two similar probes in parallel orbits around the Moon at an altitude of 55 kilometers.
A new photo of the moon’s huge Tycho crater taken at sunrise by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter satellite in orbit around the moon on June 10, 2011, shows haunting dark shadows spreading out across the lunar surface.
The pitch-black patches loom behind the Tycho crater’s central peak complex, which is about 9.3 miles (15 km) wide from southeast to northwest.
From a height of about 700 kilometers EO-1 satellite could directly look into the crater of the volcano. Using the pictures not only in visible, but also in the infrared range, the researchers created a false color image, which shows the hottest regions in the vicinity of the vent. In particular, fresh lava flows and emissions of gas and dust into the atmosphere are well visible.
On June 27 at 10:04 a.m. EDT, the spacecraft was about 2,400 miles from the moon. At that point, flight engineers at UC Berkeley issued the first commands to move it into orbit around the moon. Two more maneuvers helped fine-tune the position, and as of 12:30 p.m. EDT, ARTEMIS P1 is now in lunar orbit.
Computer modeling shows that more than 5% of the giant exsoplanets may have habitable moon, if these planets orbit at a distance from their stars.This computer modeling developed by Simon Porter and his colleagues at Lowell Observatory in Arizona, includes 12 000 hypothetical Earth-sized exoplanets who had been captured by gas giants and became their satellites.
On June 18, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft flew within 4,330 miles (6,968 kilometers) of Helene’s surface. It was the second closest approach to Helene of the entire mission.Cassini passed from Helene’s night side to the moon’s sunlit side.NASA’s Cassini spacecraft’s first flight to Helene took place on March 10, 2010, when Cassini flew within 1,131 miles (1,820 kilometers) of the moon.
France’s CoRoT satellite detected the 10 in advance unknown alien planets, and all of which are gaseous like Saturn or Jupiter, including two Neptune-like objects that circle the same star,.According to scientists the new discoveries highlight the diversity of worlds beyond our solar system and increase count of extrasolar planets up to 565
Over the centuries It was very difficult to study Mercury, which is the closest planet to the sun. Now Messenger (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging),after three flybys since 2008, finally settled into orbit around Mercury just this March.