The team of expeditors led by Bezos found rusted pieces of two Apollo-era rocket engines from the depths of Atlantic ocean. As you know, the Apollo rocket helped the astronauts to fly to the Moon. The expeditors’ team raised the engine parts approximately three weeks, then carried the parts to the launch pad for the lunar missions in Florida. The Bezos team used the sonar equipment for finding the location of sunken engines, which are approximately 3 miles deep in the Atlantic ocean and 360 miles from Cape Canaveral. But there is some unclear fact. The serial numbers on the corroded pieces are missing or it is hard for expeditors to read the numbers. So, the Bezos team can’t know to which Apollo mission the engines belonged.
Though, the American Geophysical Union reported that the spacecraft Voyager 1 was outside the heliosphere,but the NASA don’t agree with this report. By the words of team of Voyager 1, the spacecraft has not left the solar system yet, or it reached to interstellar space. The AGU, did the measurement at AUG. 25. These measurements showed radical changes, which meant that the spacecraft had left the solar system, or the huge magnetic bubble including our solar system, and the entire magnetic field. There is some disagreement between the astronomer Bill Webber (professor from New Mexico State University in Las Cruces) and the Voyager project scientist Ed Stone regarding the location of Voyager 1. Bill Webber explained, that during a few days decreased the intensity of heliospheric radiation, and the cosmic ray intensity went up. But Ed Stone explained that the spacecraft had reached to a new region, named “the magnetic highway”, where changed the energetic particles.
The European Space Agency (ESA), issued a new free app for iPhone. By this program the iPhone turned into the “home drone” controller of spacecraft. The users of Parrot Ar.Drone quadcopter, can use additional reality methods, to make the attempt dockings with a simulated International Space Station (ISS) for real. Also the app helps to improve more robotic methods in the game. This app named AstroDrone, is a part of the European Space Agency (ESA)’s new scientific project, which will teach the robots to navigate environments. The new app will help the scientists to test the crowdsource process in practice. For the result the the European Space Agency (ESA) wants to have more autonomous spacecraft, which can reliably maneuver.
For the determination the existing the life on Mars, the European Space Agency (EAS) and Russian federal agency signed a contract. This contract allows them to work together on the ExoMars program. The EAS agreed to provide the Trace Gas orbiter (TGO) and the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) in 2016, and the rover in 2018. The Russian part agreed to be responsible for both missions. Two partners will supply all the scientific instruments and will closely cooperate. By the TGO the researchers will search the presence of methane and other gases on the atmosphere of Mars. Also the TGO will collect information for the 2018 mission. The EDM will lend on Mars in 2016 and will support the key technologies for the mission of rover in 2018.
The Russian spacecraft named “Soyuz” safety arrived to Kazakhstan. There were 3 man in this spacecraft, one of them was from USA, the others were from Russia. This group of astronomers had a mission in International Space Station, and has spent there about five months. It was the crew of the 34rd expedition of ISS. The Russian spacecraft “Soyuz” made landing in a regular mode on March 16 at about 11:11 p.m. According to the physicians, all crew members feel well. During the stay onboard the International Space Station, crew members participated in performance of 50 important scientific experiments according to the Russian program of scientific applied researches and experiments.
Using the images from Cassini spacecraft, the scientists found that the hot spots of Jupiter’s atmosphere are created by a wave named Rossby. The hot spots are cloudless patches of Jupiter’s atmosphere. This is the first time that the scientists observed the hot spots, and this is the best way to appreciate the nature of features of hot spots. Also the scientists made movies from the observations taken by Cassini, during its last flyby Jupiter. The films zoom in (approximately 7 degrees) the hot spots between the dark parts and bright white parts of Jupiter.
About the hot spots the scientists much knew from Galileo spacecraft, which descended into a hot spot in 1995.
It seems that astronomers may have new chance to search exoplanets. The new star system, which was discovered 1917 and approximately 6.5 light years away from our solar system, is the third nearest to our solar system. The new stars are brown dwarfs- cool, dim objects. The pair of stars has chemical properties and high temperature. This kind of objects, often, referred as a “failed stars”. This “failed stars” doesn’t have enough mass for crushing by gravity, which would allow the thermonuclear reactions to ignite the hydrogen. The astronomer from the Penn State University Kevin Luhman, during the studying a map of the sky, which obtained from NASA’s satellite, discovered, that one of the stars has a rapid motion. The astronomer extrapolated the movement of star back in time and discovered, that it was really captured.
The most powerful radio telescope of the world will pull back the curtain on the planet obscuring birth. During last two years, the scientists added some antennas and resolution to the Atacama Large Millimater Array (ALMA). The ALMA radio telescope will start its operation in the next week. Last year the AlMA measured the orbits, which moves around the star, and found that the orbits has less dimensions, than the scientists thought. There is two methods for telescopes to find a new exoplanets: one- the gravitational wobble, second- changes of brightness during the passing directly in front of its star. ALMA radio telescope will announce the converting of cold gas into clouds in the protostars. The secret of 1,3 billion facility’s solution are height and distance. Facilities of ALMA sit on a 5000 meter high above the sea. The astronomers, working in ALMA facility at 2900 meters, will use oxygen. The ALMA system include approximately 50 antennas. The system of operating is following: the antennas snag an astronomical signals from the sky, combine all the results in the computer, for getting final information regarding the place, form where they snag the signal.This system allows ALMA not only to observe the young planets, but also pin down life – building block in gas clouds.
The Researchers who observing the surface of Mars saw the first 3D view of the channels, which were buried under the surface. The discovery shows that an underground channel is twice deeper than the scientists thought, and this fact is accepts as a water shape in the surface of Mars. The researchers think, that the surface of Mars has been barren for the past 2,5 billion years, as the Mars today is dry and cold, because the most part of its water is an ice caps. But the channels, which are in the surface, hint that the Red Planet’s surface once was flooded by the water. The largest from the Mars channels, which engraved within the past 500 million years, belong to the Marte Vallis system. Marte Vallis is in the Elysium Planitia, which is the youngest volcanic region of the Mars, and the volcanism covered the most part of the surface with lava during the past several hundred million years. Because of this, all the new information regarding its history, were buried under the lava. Using the radar researchers scanned the surface of the Elysium Planitia. The 3D reconstructions of Marte Vallis, showed many details, under the lava covering. But this shows that the Marte Vallis channels were deep approximately 230 feet (which is twice deep than the researchers thought).