Giant Squid

The Big Family of Giant Squids

Researches of scientists showed that the giant squids living in thicknesses of water worldwide are part of the same species. New research showed that the genetic variety of a huge squid is very low, is much lower, than at other studied types. This supervision allowed the scientists to assume that there is only one species of giant squids. The scientist has very little information regarding the huge squids. Moreover, nobody watched live squids up to 2004. Only in 2004, there was submitted a video of a live huge squid. It is known, that they live at a depth from 100 to 1100 meters, their length can reach to 18 meters, they are predators which eat fish and other squids.

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New Ancient Hominin Species Discovered in Ethiopia

A new type of hominid foot bone has been discovered in the Afar region of Ethiopia, showing that Lucy, the famous early human ancestor, had company. The 3.4 million-year-old bones have been shown not to belong to Australopithecus afarensis, but instead to a creature that spent much of its time in trees. It hasn’t yet been assigned a species, as no skull or teeth have yet been found. According to Dr. Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History the Burtele partial foot clearly shows that at 3.4 million years ago, Lucy’s species, which walked upright on two legs, was not the only hominin species living in this region of Ethiopia.

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Researchers Have Discoverd New Shark Species

Researchers have discovered a new, as of yet unnamed, species of shark. It looks just like the scalloped hammerhead shark, curtailing efforts to save that endangered species. As said researchers at Nova Southeastern University in Florida the new look-alike hammerhead species, first discovered off the eastern United States, has been found more than 4,300 miles away near the coast of southern Brazil proving the unnamed species is widespread.

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Scientists Discover New Frog Species

A new species of frog has been found hiding in plain sight in New York City. University scientists helped discover this new species with scientists from the University of Alabama. For years, biologists mistook the frog for a more widespread variety of leopard frog. This one, however, prefers not to stray far from the Big Apple and has an unusual croak. The frog lives in the city’s ponds and marshes, sometimes within view of the Statue of Liberty, so uncovering the frog’s true identity was a surprise for scientists.

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Chinese Fossils May Reveal New Human Species

According to article published in the journal PLoS may be a previously unknown human species have been identified in southern China. The bones, which represent at least five individuals, have been dated to between 11,500 and 14,500 years ago. But scientists are calling them simply the Red Deer Cave people, after one of the sites where they were unearthed. As said study co-leader Darren Curnoe from the University of New South Wales, Australia they are trying to be very careful at this stage about definitely classifying them.

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Study Show Mammals Thrived Despite Dinosaurs

New study which was published in the journal Nature indicates that at least one group of ancient mammals was already expanding 20 million years before the dinosaurs were wiped from the Earth. Analysis of ancient mammal teeth indicates they were able to take off not because dinosaur die-off made way for them, but because they discovered a new food source that others weren’t consuming. Some of the world’s earliest mammals were the multituberculates, a group of small rodentlike animals that first emerged on Earth about 165 million years ago.

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Scientists have Named Two New Horned Dinosaur Species

In a new study, scientists have named two new horned dinosaur species based on fossils collected from Alberta, Canada. The new species, Unescopceratops koppelhusae and Gryphoceratops morrisoni, are from the Leptoceratopsidae family of horned dinosaurs. The herbivores lived during the Late Cretaceous period between 75-83 million years ago. According to Michael Ryan, lead author of the study from The Cleveland Museum of Natural History these dinosaurs fill important gaps in the evolutionary history of small-bodied horned dinosaurs that lack the large horns and frills of relatives like Triceratops from North America.

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300 Million Years Old Chinese Pompeii Found Buried Under Volcanic Ash

About 300 million years ago, volcanic ash buried a tropical forest located in what is now Inner Mongolia, much like it did the ancient Roman city of Pompeii. This preserved forest has given researchers the unusual opportunity to examine an ecosystem essentially frozen in place by a natural disaster, giving them a detailed look at ancient plant communities and a glimpse at the ancient climate. This ancient, tropical forest created peat, or moist, acidic, decaying plant matter. Over geologic time, the peat deposits were subjected to high pressure and became coal, which is found in the area. The volcano appears to have left a layer of ash that was originally 39 inches (100 centimeters) thick.

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