Scientists found mysterious hot spots in a red supergiant star. Astronomers submitted the photo of an external layer of the atmosphere of a Betelgeuse star. It is the red supergiant next to Earth. It is very bright star located in constellation of Orion, which is the semiregular variable star which shine changes from 0,2 up to 1,2 star sizes and on the average makes near 0,7m. Red color of a star is easily noticeable at supervision by naked eye. The new photo of this star opens secrets of structure of substance, which proceeds from a star. In the photo on the right is visible the Betelgeuse star and her orbital circles. The photo was made by the camera of a radio telescope of MERLIN of Jodrell Bank Observatory. The Betelgeuse star is in 1000 of times massive from our Sun, but at distance of 650 light years from Earth, it still looks as a small point. In spite of the fact that it is a cold pro-evolving star, scientists found on it strange hot spots.
In frames of NASAs’ mission of European Space Agency (ESA), the astronomers found some youngest stars in the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex . These stars were discovered by some astronomers from different observatories from Sweden and Germany. These astronomers collaborated in the European Space Agency (ESA) mission for understanding the formation of new stars. The discovery gives the chance to scientists to understand the formation of the star. The star comes to life from the gravitational collapse of gas and dust clouds. Finding the protostars in the earliest time, poses a challenge. For a long time the astronomers had observed the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, but had not found any new forming star, until the Herschel telescope observed the region. Herschel found the protostars by infrared, long-wavelength light, which can shine through the clouds.
HD 10056 is the young star which is near to the Earth about 335 light years. The astronomers, who are studying the HD 10056 star, think, that they are witnessing the birth of a giant from gas. This giant will be three times larger than Jupiter. If this discovery is confirmed, it will change the understanding of people, regarding the comparing the theories of scientists, with direct observations of new planets.
Astronomers from Observatory “Gemini” received the most detailed to date image of the unusual galaxy NGC 660, relating to a rare class of polar galaxies. The galaxy NGC 660 is located at a distance of 40 million light years from Earth near the constellation Pisces. It is as if two separate star clusters: the spiral and lenticular. Such galaxies are called polar – they rotate the outer ring over the poles of the internal cluster. In addition, NGC 660 is the only other known polar galaxies in which the center has an old lenticular congestion. All polar galaxies are a result of the interaction of two separate star clusters. Some of them can be formed by the collision of two galaxies formed (for example, a galaxy can be formed by a merger in the future, with the Milky Way Andromeda).
One of the world’s leading IT-industry, Google has decided to permanently settle in the mobile payment systems. Google Electronic Payment System was started rather late, in 2011. Nevertheless, the company is actively engaged in business not only in the field of Internet services, but also in the mobile sector (this is the most common worldwide OS smartphone Android, and develop their own portable electronics), collected in the years to compete with local companies representing services in the area of electronic commerce. In order to make the payment, you will need a smart phone which supports NFC technology that is running Google Wallet. Some e-commerce systems can be tied to your account various bank cards, which makes it conduct a transaction.
NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE, has been turning up a new crowd of stars close to solar system, the coldest of the brown dwarf family of failed stars. As said Davy Kirkpatrick of the WISE science team at NASA’s Infrared Processing and Analysis Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena this is a really illuminating result. Now that they are finally seeing the solar neighborhood with keener, infrared vision, the little guys aren’t as prevalent as they once thought.
NASA believes it’s spotted the dappled light of the first objects in the universe with the best precision yet. Using the Spitzer Space Telescope, scientists have observed a lumpy infrared glow that could be coming from wildly massive stars or voracious black holes. The observations help confirm the first objects were numerous in quantity and furiously burned cosmic fuel. As said Alexander Kashlinsky of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center these objects would have been tremendously bright.
NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope new image shows NGC 7026, a planetary nebula. Located just beyond the tip of the tail of the constellation of Cygnus (The Swan), this butterfly-shaped cloud of glowing gas and dust is the wreckage of a star similar to the Sun. Planetary nebulae, despite their name, have nothing to do with planets. They are in fact a relatively short-lived phenomenon that occurs at the end of the life of mid-sized stars.
Four billion years from now, the Milky Way galaxy as we know it will cease to exist. Our Milky Way is bound for a head-on collision with the similar-sized Andromeda galaxy, researchers announced on May 31. Over time, the huge galactic smashup will create an entirely new hybrid galaxy, one likely bearing an elliptical shape rather than the Milky Way’s trademark spiral-armed disk. Astronomers have long known that the Milky Way and Andromeda, which is also known as M31, are barrelling toward one another at a speed of about 250,000 mph (400,000 kph).