In Chile the telescope took the tremendous new picture of the space tape flickering in a nebula of Orion more than in 1000 light years from Earth. The new image published by the European southern observatory today (on May 15).The scientists described as “a fiery ribbon” red gas and a dust, shining in a belt of constellation of Orion. Tape is a small part of huge area of a star formation in the Universe. Scientists of ESO used a telescope in Chile to process video about a cloud of a dust, which unites to create new stars. Big light clouds in the top right corner of the image are known as a nebula of Orion, which also is called as Messier 42. The nebula of Orion is the brightest part of a huge star, where new stars are born, and is the closest massive region of a star formation to Earth
Though on the image the clouds of red dust and gas can look heated, actually they are cold. APEX telescope in Chile took the picture in lengths of waves invisible to a human eye. On this image the hottest blue luminescence, while the coldest have an orange shade. More neutral of tone on a photo show the same site of the sky in a visible range of light. On this image the fiery ribbon disappears from a look, because the cooled particles of a dust block flickering light.
3500-kilogram infrared space telescope Herschel launched in 1990 on height of 1,5 million kilometers over Earth, made interesting discovery. During long supervision over our galaxy, the European astronomical observatory recorded hot molecular gas, which falls into a supermassive central black hole. Our local black hole is located in the region known under the name Sagittarius of A *. This compact radiation source is at distance about 26 000 light years from our Solar System. The mass of the central object makes 4,3 million mass of the Sun. The huge number of a dust lays in the plane of our galaxy between its edges and the center, complicating us and our orbital telescopes the most part of visibility in the visible wave range.
The telescope Kepler found at once two potentially manned planets rotating round the general star. Only twenty years ago astronomers didn’t know about existence of similar planets, and the Solar system, even taking into account the latest discoveries in area of exoplanet, continued to be considered as the unique. However opening of planetary system at a star of Kepler-62 is capable to change this representation. Planets from this scattering differ by the size, and round a star they do a complete revolution for the period of 6 days to 9 months. Two most remote of these planets and the most suitable lives were open for emergence by the astronomer from the Washington University Eric Eygol. The most extreme, Kepler 62f probably a firm planet, by only 1,4 times of the continent, makes a turn round a star in 267 Earth days. Her neighbor, Kepler 62e, which has also got to a zone of a habitability, in 1,6 times more Earth, year on it makes 122 Earth days, and from a star she receives 20% more energy, than our planet.
In frames of NASAs’ mission of European Space Agency (ESA), the astronomers found some youngest stars in the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex . These stars were discovered by some astronomers from different observatories from Sweden and Germany. These astronomers collaborated in the European Space Agency (ESA) mission for understanding the formation of new stars. The discovery gives the chance to scientists to understand the formation of the star. The star comes to life from the gravitational collapse of gas and dust clouds. Finding the protostars in the earliest time, poses a challenge. For a long time the astronomers had observed the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, but had not found any new forming star, until the Herschel telescope observed the region. Herschel found the protostars by infrared, long-wavelength light, which can shine through the clouds.
The most powerful radio telescope of the world will pull back the curtain on the planet obscuring birth. During last two years, the scientists added some antennas and resolution to the Atacama Large Millimater Array (ALMA). The ALMA radio telescope will start its operation in the next week. Last year the AlMA measured the orbits, which moves around the star, and found that the orbits has less dimensions, than the scientists thought. There is two methods for telescopes to find a new exoplanets: one- the gravitational wobble, second- changes of brightness during the passing directly in front of its star. ALMA radio telescope will announce the converting of cold gas into clouds in the protostars. The secret of 1,3 billion facility’s solution are height and distance. Facilities of ALMA sit on a 5000 meter high above the sea. The astronomers, working in ALMA facility at 2900 meters, will use oxygen. The ALMA system include approximately 50 antennas. The system of operating is following: the antennas snag an astronomical signals from the sky, combine all the results in the computer, for getting final information regarding the place, form where they snag the signal.This system allows ALMA not only to observe the young planets, but also pin down life – building block in gas clouds.
HESS gamma ray telescope. Technician standing on a gantry next to a telescope
Astronomers have found the faintest galaxy yet seen in the deep, distant reaches of space, an object whose light has taken 13 billion years to reach us. The tiny galaxy, which existed about 800 million years after the Big Bang created the universe, is among the top 10 most distant objects known. According to astronomers this image is like a baby picture of this galaxy, taken when the universe was only 5 percent of its current age.
The transit of Venus across the sun is one of the rarest celestial sights visible from Earth, one that wowed scientists and amateur observers around the world Tuesday (June 5). The event, arguably the most anticipated skywatching display of the year, marked the last time Venus will cross the sun (as seen from Earth) for 105 years. Venus transits occur when Venus reaches a point in its orbit that brings the planet directly between the Earth and the sun.
Venus will pass in front of the sun from Earth’s perspective on Tuesday (June 5; Wednesday, June 6, in much of the Eastern Hemisphere), marking the last such Venus transit until 2117. However, there’s a chance to observe an Earth transit less than two years from now using a little creative thinking, some researchers note. In January 2014, Jupiter will witness a transit of Earth. And we can see it too, the astronomers say, by training NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope on the huge planet and studying the sunlight it reflects.