The Giant Magellan Telescope Organization is going to build giant Telescope ever with a mirror. It will be completed in 2025. When it is completed, it will be the largest telescope in the world. It will comprise of seven 8.4m diameter the main segments. The Giant Magellan Telescope will be 10 times more powerful than Hubble Space Telescope. This can allow astronomers to study the space deeper.
NASA reveals Sunflower-shaped spacecraft which will help to find alien planets. Scientists believe that with the use of this technology, researchers could take direct images of other planets with alien life.
The Sunflower-shaped spacecraft is also unique in that, unlike most space-based instruments, it’s one part of a two-spacecraft observation system. “We can use a pre-existing space telescope to take the pictures,” explains astronomers. The Sunflower-shaped spacecraft will allow it to move around in order to block the light from different stars. NASA’s engineers are optimistic that refining their technology could be the key to major exoplanet discoveries in the future.
For the first time from the moment of opening of the first extra solar planets scientists could see such planet by supervision in the x-ray range with help of Chandra space telescope and the European XMM Newton. The majority known exoplanets (which number at present exceeds 900) opened with help of a so-called transit method — by fixing of small fluctuations of brightness of stars when passing planet against a star disk. Still supervision was conducted only in the optical range, but now scientists managed to see x-ray transit. Thousand candidate exoplanets were found thanks to transits in visible light. At last, the scientists could see one in a X-ray, which is important as gives new information on properties of exoplanets.
Spitzer space telescope transferred pictures of a C/2012 S1 comet of ISON. It becomes the brightest object in the night sky of Earth after the Moon in November, 2013 when it will dive into the Sun to Earth and will take place in dangerous proximity from the star photosphere. The comet of C/2012 S1 comet was open in September, 2012 by the Russian astronomers. The comet in November, 2013 will pass at distance in 1,2 million kilometers from the Sun. At this time brightness of a comet can reach brightness of the full Moon, and it, probably, becomes the brightest in a decade. In December the comet will pass at the minimum distance from Earth, which is about 0,4 radiuses of a terrestrial orbit. Currently the comet is at distance in 3,3 astronomical from the Sun, between orbits of Jupiter and Mars. While it remains invisible to a naked eye, however land and orbital telescopes watch long ago it in the optical and infrared range.
Astrophysics from the Southern European observatory (ESO) photographed a galaxy’s absorption of gas clouds surrounding it. The new data obtained with help of Very Large telescope (VLT) are remarkable that the galaxy is removed from Earth on distance more than ten billion light years. And respectively it is visible in that look in which was during an era of the young Universe. As at such distance the galaxy appears the smallest even at supervision through Very Large telescope (VLT), astronomers had to use indirect methods for an assessment of volume of absorption of gas and definition of details of process.
In the Planetary Resources Company say that finished a whip-round for construction of a public telescope Arkyd which will be used at the first stage of realization of a task of the company. The Planetary Resources Company proclaimed the purpose creation of new technologies which will help to carry out production of space minerals. However before robots miners will be sent to space, it is planned to execute some preliminary stages, in particular, to send a public telescope which will define objects to which will send research equipments. Initially planned to collect about 1 million dollars whereas in two months it was succeeded to collect nearly 1,5 million. It is planned to send a public telescope into Earth orbit in 2015.
The big asteroid, which flew by Earth last month, belongs to new category of space stones. On May 31 asteroid 1998 QE2 and its moon flew by in 3600000 miles (5800000 km) from Earth thanks to what it became the most approximate with our planet during in the next two centuries. The new radar images made by Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico revealed that it is a unique binary asteroid. 1998 QE2 asteroid is dark, red, and primitive that is it doesn’t heat up or melts so as far as other asteroids. 1998 QE2 asteroid isn’t similar to one asteroid, which the scientists observed. This is absolutely new animal in a menagerie of the asteroids approaching with Earth. 305 meters Arecibo radio telescope and 70 m the antenna of a network of long-distance space communication of NASA traced 1998 QE2 asteroid as it came nearer to Earth last month.
The large Andromeda galaxy opens many secrets thanks to Chandra space telescope. With help of supersensitive scientific tools of a Chandra space telescope scientists managed to find a large number of candidates for the black holes in a large Andromeda galaxy. The Andromeda galaxy is the neighbor of our Galaxy. Discovery was made with help of 150 supervisions over Andromeda’s galaxy by means of Chandra space telescopes. Supervision was made within 13 years. During this time scientists found 26 candidates for black holes. Today it is a record by quantity of the black holes located in another, than our Galaxy. Some astronomers consider a galaxy Andromeda as the sister of our own galaxy and are sure that through some billions years both of these galaxies will surely face.
The black hole in one of galaxies in constellation of the Sculptor which earlier actively absorbed interstellar gas, stopped now activity and fell into a sleep. This sleep is lasting about ten years. The information obtained by astronomers with help of a NuSTAR telescope from Chandra xray Observatory. The “fallen asleep” black hole weighing about 5 million masses of the Sun is in the center of an active galaxy of NGC 253. In this star system located in 8 million light years from Earth, processes of formation of new stars go with very high speed. The last observations from Chandra xray observatory showed that the black hole actively absorbs gas. According to the astronomers the results testify that the black hole fell asleep over the last ten years. Periodic supervision with help of Chandra xray observatory and NuSTAR the scientists will be able to tell, whether it woke up again. Scientists note that black holes in the centers of galaxies stop absorbing a matter and fall into hibernation only when in their vicinities are settled “food” stocks.